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business plan outlay Write a Winning Business Plan. B usiness P lanning. What are the the messenger essay Benefits? Every wholesale, retail, and/or service business can benefit from the preparation of a carefully written business plan. There are two main purposes for writing that plan. There is an additional benefit if you do business internationally. Your business plan will serve as your guide during the lifetime of your operation. It is the blueprint of your business and will provide you with the tools to beowulf essay questions, analyze your operation and implement changes that will increase your sales and, ultimately, your profitability. A business plan is a requirement if you are planning to i am, seek financing.
It will provide potential lenders or investors with detailed information on all aspects of your company's past and current operations and provide future projections. If you do business internationally, a business plan provides a standard means of evaluating your products' business potential in a foreign marketplace. Business Plan Outline. The following pages provide a suggested outline of the material to be included in your business plan. Your final plan may vary according to your specific needs or individual requirements of essay, your lender or investor. Cover Sheet (Serves as the title page of your business plan) Name, address, and phone number of the company. Name, title, address, phone number of owners/corporate officers. I Am? Month and year your plan was prepared.
Name of preparer. Copy number of the plan. Table of Contents (Quick reference to major topics covered in your plan) The executive summary is the abstract of your business plan. Essay Choosing Good Friend? It summarizes the the messenger content and purpose of your finished plan, covering all of the choosing friend key points. This is a key section if you are seeking funding. I Am? Your Company (introductory overview - who, what, where it is and why it is unique)
Market Opportunity (opportunities your company is positioned to take advantage of) Capital Requirements, Breakdown of Uses of Funds, Repayment of eyes, Loan or Benefits to Investors. (include only if you are seeking funding) Management (who they are and the messenger strengths each one brings to the company) Competitors (direct and indirect); list their strengths and weaknesses. Your Company's Competitive Advantages. Financial Projections (summary of poes thesis, Income Statement Projections for the messenger next 3 years) Note : Write the executive summary after you have completed your business plan. It is a summary. Part I: The Organizational Plan. What is included? This section should include a summary description of your business statement followed by information on poes the administrative end of your company. I Am Essay? Summary Description of the Business.
In a paragraph or two give a broad overview of the nature of your business, telling when and why the company was formed. Then complete the summary by briefly addressing: mission (projecting short- and beowulf essay long-term goals) business model (describe your company's model and why it is unique to your industry) strategy (give an overview of the the messenger essay strategy, focusing on is the paragraph short- and long-term objectives) strategic relationships (tell about i am any existing strategic relationships) SWOT Analysis (strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats that your company will face, both internal and external) Products or Services. If you are the manufacturer and/or wholesale distributor of a product: Describe your products. Poes The Cask? Tell briefly about your manufacturing process. Include information on suppliers and availability of the messenger essay, materials. If you are a retailer and/or an e-tailer: Describe the products you sell.
Include information about your sources and handling of inventory and fulfillment. If you provide a service: Describe your services List future products or services you plan to provide. Address Copyrights, Trademarks, and Patents. Back up in Supporting Documents with registrations, photos, diagrams, etc. Describe your projected or current location.
Project costs associated with the location. Include legal agreements, utilities forecasts, etc. in Supporting Documents. Note: If location is important to marketing, cover in Part II - The Marketing Plan. Describe your legal structure and why it is advantageous for your company. Thesis? List owners and/or corporate officers describing strengths (include resumes). List the people who are (or will be) running the business. Describe their responsibilities and abilities. Project their salaries. (Include resumes in Supporting Documents) How many employees will you have in what positions? What are the i am essay necessary qualifications?
How many hours will they work and at what wage? Project future needs for adding employees. Accounting: What system will you set up for daily accounting? Who will you use for a tax accountant? Who will be responsible for periodic financial statement analysis? Legal: Who will you retain for an attorney? (Keep 'Murphy's Law' in mind.) What kinds of insurance will you carry? (Property Liability, Life Health) What will it cost and who will you use for a carrier?
Address security in research paper terms of inventory control and theft of the messenger essay, information (online and off). Project related costs. Part II: The Marketing Plan. What is a marketing plan? The Marketing Plan defines all of the components of your marketing strategy. You will address the details of your market analysis, sales, advertising, and public relations campaigns. The Plan should also integrate traditional (offline) programs with new media (online) strategies. Overview and Goals of Your Marketing Strategy. Target Market (identify with demographics, psychographics, and the cask niche market specifics) Competition (describe major competitors assessing their strengths and weaknesses. Market Trends (identify industry trends and customer trends) Market Research (describe methods of i am essay, research, database analysis, and results summary) General Description (budget % allocations on- and essay questions off-line with expected ROIs) Method of i am the messenger essay, Sales and Distribution (stores, offices, kiosks, catalogs, d/mail, website) Packaging (quality considerations and packaging) Pricing (price strategy and competitive position.
Database Marketing (Personalization) Sales Strategies (direct sales, direct mail, email, affiliate, reciprocal, and viral marketing) Sales Incentives/Promotions (samples, coupons, online promo, add-ons, rebates, etc.) Advertising Strategies (traditional, web/new media, long-term sponsorships) Public Relations (online presence, events, press releases, interviews) Networking (memberships and leadership positions) Description of Customer Service Activities. Expected Outcomes of Achieving Excellence. Essay Were Watching God? Implementation of i am the messenger, Marketing Strategy. Poes Thesis? Out-Sourced Functions (advertising, public relations, marketing firms, ad networks, etc.) Assessment of essay, Marketing Effectiveness* * To be used by existing companies after making periodic evaluations. Part III: Financial Documents.
The quantitative part of your business plan. This section of the business plan is the quantitative interpretation of everything you stated in the organizational and marketing plans. Do not do this part of your plan until you have finished those two sections. Financial documents are the records used to beowulf essay, show past, current, and projected finances. The following are the major documents you will want to include in essay your Business Plan. The work is much easier if they are done in essay eyes watching the order presented because they build on the messenger essay each other, utilizing information from the ones previously developed. Summary of Financial Needs (needed only if you are seeking financing) This is an poes the cask thesis, outline giving the following information: Why you are applying for the messenger essay financing. How Much capital you need. Loan Fund Dispersal Statement (needed only if you are seeking financing) Tell How you intend to poes thesis, disperse the loan funds. Back Up your statement with supporting data.
Pro Forma Cash Flow Statement (Budget) This document projects what your Business Plan means in terms of dollars. It shows cash inflow and outflow over a period of time and is used for internal planning. I Am The Messenger? It is of prime interest to were watching, the lender and shows how you intend to repay your loan. Cash flow statements show both how much and when cash must flow in and out of the messenger, your business. Three-Year Income Projection. A Pro Forma Income PL (Income) Statement showing projections for your company for the cask thesis the next three years. Use the revenue and expense totals from the Pro Forma Cash Flow Statement for the 1st year's figures and project for the next two years according to expected economic and industry trends. Projected Balance Sheet. The Messenger Essay? Projection of Assets, Liabilities, and Net Worth of your company at findings research paper, end of next fiscal year.
The break-even point is the i am point at which a company's expenses exactly match the sales or service volume. It can be expressed in: (1) Total dollars or revenue exactly offset by total expenses -or- (2) Total units of production (cost of which exactly equals the income derived by their sales). This analysis can be done either mathematically or graphically. Revenue and expense figures are drawn from the three-year income projection. Note : The following (G-J) are Actual Performance (Historical) Statements. They reflect the activity of your business in poes the past. If your business is new and has not yet begun operations: the i am the messenger financial section will end here and you will add a Personal Financial History. If yours is an essay eyes, established business: you will include the following actual performance statements. Profit Loss Statement (Income Statement) Shows your business financial activity over a period of time (monthly, annually).
It is a moving picture showing what has happened in your business and is an the messenger, excellent tool for diversity classroom assessing your business. I Am The Messenger Essay? Your ledger is closed and balanced and the revenue and in a research expense totals transferred to this statement. Essay? Shows the condition of the business as of a fixed date. It is a picture of thesis, your firm's financial condition at the messenger essay, a particular moment and diversity in the will show you whether your financial position is strong or weak. I Am? It is usually done at poes, the close of an accounting period.
Contains: (1) Assets, (2) Liabilities and (3) Net Worth. Financial Statement Analysis. In this section you will use your income statements and essay balance sheets to develop a study of relationships and comparisons of: (1) Items in a single year's financial statement, (2) comparative financial statements for a period of time, or (3) your statements with those of where is the thesis introductory paragraph, other businesses. Measures are expressed as ratios or percentages that can be used to compare your business with industry standards. If you are seeking a lender or investor, ratio analysis as compared to industry standards will be especially critical in determining whether or not the loan or venture funds are justified. Liquidity Analysis (net working capital, current ratio, quick ratio) Profitability Analysis (gross profit margin, operating profit margin, net profit margin) Debt Ratios (debt to assets, debt to equity) Measures of Investment (return on investment) Vertical financial statement analysis (shows relationship of components in a single financial statement) Horizontal financial statement analysis (percentage analysis of the the messenger increases and decreases in the items on comparative financial statement) Business Financial History. This is a summary of financial information about your company from classroom, its start to the present. The Business Financial History and Loan Application are frequently one and the same.
If you have completed the rest of the financial section, you should have all of the information you need to transfer to this document. Part IV: Supporting Documents. I Am Essay? This section of your plan will contain all of the records that back up the statements and where thesis statement in the introductory decisions made in the three main parts of the messenger essay, your business plan. The most common supporting documents are: Include resumes for owners and management. A resume should a one-page document. Essay? Include: work history, educational background, professional affiliations and honors, and a focus on special skills relating to the company position. Owners' Financial Statements. A statement of personal assets and essay liabilities. For a new business owner, this will be part of your financial section. Business and poes thesis personal from suppliers or wholesalers, credit bureaus, and banks.
Copies of Leases, Mortgages, Purchase Agreements, Etc. All agreements currently in force between your company and a leasing agency, mortgage company or other agency. Letters of Reference. Letters recommending you as being a reputable and reliable business person worthy of i am, being considered a good risk. (both business and personal references) Include all business contracts, both completed and currently in force. Other Legal Documents. All legal papers pertaining to your legal structure, proprietary rights, insurance, etc. Beowulf Questions? Limited partnership agreements, shipping contracts, etc. All other documents which have been referred to, but not included in i am essay the main body of the plan. (for example: location plans, demographics, competition analysis, advertising rate sheets, cost analysis, etc.) Putting Your Plan Together.
When You Are Finished: Your Business Plan should look professional, but the where is the potential lender or investor needs to know that it was done by you. A business plan will be the best indicator that can be used to judge your potential for success. It should be no more than 30 to 40 pages in length, excluding supporting documents. I Am? If you are seeking a lender or investor: Include only the supporting documents that will be of immediate interest to beowulf essay, the person examining your plan. Keep the others with your own copy where they will be available on short notice. The Messenger? Make copies for each lender or investor you wish to approach.
Keep track of each copy that you give out. If you are turned down for financing, be sure to retrieve your business plan. Keep Your Business Plan Up-to-Date. Your business plan will be beneficial only if you update it frequently to reflect what is happening within your business. Measure your projections against what actually happens in your company. Use the results to research paper, analyze the effectiveness of your operation. You can then implement changes that will give you a competitive edge and make your business more profitable. Linda Pinson is a nationally-recognized business speaker, author and educator. She is the owner of i am, Out of Your Mind. and Into the Marketplace#8482;, publisher of educational how-to books and is the thesis software for new and established businesses. Linda has authored nine books, one of which is Anatomy of a Business Plan, winner of the Ben Franklin Best Business Book of the Year Award and basis of the U.S.
Small Business Administration (SBA) Publication, How to Write a Business Plan. I Am? She is also the developer of Automate Your Business Plan Version 2015 for Windows ® . Her books are in libraries and beowulf essay bookstores throughout the U.S. and have been translated into essay Spanish, Italian, Chinese and other languages for foreign use. Beowulf Questions? The books and software are used as course material in universities, colleges, SBDCs, BICs, and technical schools, and also for training and development within corporations. OUT OF YOUR MIND. AND INTO THE MARKETPLACE TM. The Messenger Essay? 13381 White Sand Dr. , Tustin , CA 92780-4565 USA.
Tel: 714-544-0248 (CA) or 469-223-4474 (TX) Fax: 714-730-1414. Is The In The? Copyright 1996-2015 Linda Pinson - All rights reserved.
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Local Area Network: An In depth Analysis. A group of interconnected computers is referred to as a computer network. Networks can be classified according to various characteristics (Tanenbaum, 2002). First, scale, where the main type of networks are Personal Area Network (PAN), Local Area Network (LAN), Metropolitan Area Network (MAN) and Wide Area Network(WAN). The categories basically depend on essay, the area of eyes coverage. Secondly, Connection Method, which is a classification based on the hardware used in the interconnection of individual devices on the messenger essay, the network (Tanenbaum, 2002).
Under this there are Ethernet, Optic fibre, Wireless and HomePNA networks. Need essay sample on Local Area Network: An In depth Analysis ? We will write a custom essay sample specifically for you for only $12.90/page. Thirdly, functional relationship, which is a classification method based on the interaction between the elements of the essay on their god network under which there are Active, Client-server and peer to peer networks (Tanenbaum, 2002). A local area network (LAN) is a computer network that links a group of i am the messenger computers in close proximity for instance in office buildings or at is the thesis statement in the paragraph home. This network is often connected with other LANs, Internet or a Wide Area Network (WAN). Most WAN’s are built with relatively less costly materials such as Ethernet cables, network adapter and a hub. There is also the possibility of having a wireless LAN. There are specialized operating system softwares that could be used in the configuration of the LAN for example Ms Windows provide Internet Connection Sharing (ICS), a software that supports IP controlled access to LAN resources (Tanenbaum, 2002). The most common LAN is the Ethernet LAN. A LAN could be composed of two computers and i am, up to a thousand computers. An Internet Protocol (IP) which is classroom, a type A LAN can in theory accommodate up to 16 million computers organized into logical group known as subnets.
The physical implementation of i am the messenger essay a network or the research topology plays a great role in ensuring that the network satisfy its role in resource sharing, mobility of data, reliability, replication and other network uses. The topologies which include bus, star, mesh and hybrid are varied in their implementation and thus have varying advantages and i am the messenger essay, their suitability to an organization would greatly determine their efficiency. Local Area Networks. Based on the above classification there are a number of aways in essay on their watching god, which a LAN can be implemented and thus there is need to look keenly at the methods, their advantages, requirement and disadvantages. This is i am essay, a LAN in which the devices are interconnected by the use of either thin or thick coaxial cables (Tanenbaum, 2002). The transmission of signals between devices are governed by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) standards. Ethernet Protocols refer to the family of LAN covered in the IEEE 802.3 standards.
Under this standard there are two modes of operation namely half duplex and full duplex. The simplex mode of transmission allow data to choosing, be transmitted in only one direction. In the i am the messenger half duplex mode data is transmitted through the Carrier-Sense Multiple Access/Collision Detection(CSMA/CD) protocols in a shared media. The main disadvantages of this mode of transmission, which allow transmission in only one direction at any given time, are inefficiency and distance limitations. It is important to note that the on their eyes were god link distance in this mechanism is limited by the Media Access Control (MAC) frame size.
The modification implemented on this mechanism to minimize the disadvantage is carrier extension which ensures that a minimum of 512 bytes is transmitted in any given transmission. Essay! The full duplex mode allows communication to and from the communicating devices to where is the thesis in the introductory paragraph, pass through a communication media at one given time and is thus more efficient, though the implementation is more tedious relative to half-duplex. The Ethernet system consists of three elements: The physical medium used in i am the messenger essay, signal transmission, a set of protocols embedded on the Ethernet interface to facilitate the interaction between different network devices and the Ethernet frame which consists of standardized bits. Like in all IEEE 802 protocols, the data-link layer is divided into the MAC and MAC- client sub-layers. The primary responsibilities of the MAC sub-layer are data encapsulation and assembly, frame parsing before transmission and transmission management which include recovery in the cask thesis, case of failure.
The MAC-client sublayer may be regarded as the Logical Control Link (LLC) which provide the interface between the MAC and other protocol stacks or bridge entity which provide interfaces between LANs. In this mechanism each computer operates independent of other computers as there are no central controllers. All devices are attached to i am essay, the media, which is a shared transmission system. To send data a station first listens to the network and then transmits only when the channel is idle. At any given time all stations have an equally opportunity to transmit data, though access to the channel is determined by the MAC mechanism. This system is in a research paper, based on the messenger, CSMA/CD. All devices look at the destination address embedded on the frame and delivery initiated if the beowulf essay data matches the current destination, otherwise the frame is released. The logical topology implemented is a single channel that carries the i am the messenger essay signal to all stations. Eyes! It is possible to i am essay, link multiple segments, to form a larger LAN using repeaters, though such growth does not have a specific root.
Each segment must never be connected in a loop, since the implementation of that will lead to failure in operation. Even though the media may be physical connected in a star pattern attached to a repeater, the logical channel is choosing good friend, basically bus. In large networks there is i am, use of bridges and repeaters that are used to findings in a research paper, amplify the signals so that they may be transmitted over long distances. The implementation of such devices are stipulated by the Ethernet Standard used. The main advantage of the Ethernet LAN as a wired network are: The hardware involved in the interconnection, which include hubs and switches, are quite inexpensive.
There is increased reliability associated with the use of cables, hubs and switches. Wired LANs offer better performance than the wireless LANs. The disadvantages in using a wired LAN are: A Security risks as wired Ethernet hubs do not support firewalls. In convenience in terms of i am the messenger dealing with wires that are often bulky and give the where thesis statement introductory organization an untidy look.
a) Optic fibre LAN. This is a form of cabling uses fibre optic (Tanenbaum, 2002). It also implements the IEEE protocols. The cable is expensive and quite difficult to install. The Messenger Essay! This mechanism is paper, mainly used to interconnect buildings or equipments that are too remote to be connected using the typical Ethernet cables. It is referred to i am the messenger essay, as the 10 base F Ethernet protocol though it can be implemented by diversity in the classroom other networking systems that require high speeds. A 10 base F link is implemented in a point to i am essay, point link and is not a shared link as in 10B2 cabling systems. This cabling system is common between repeaters of a bridge between two LANs. The main advantage of this cabling system are: High immunity to disturbance. Ease of upgrade.
The disadvantages of beowulf essay using optic fibre LANs are: The optic fibres which is the main transmission media is expensive. Segment length in the later versions is less than 2 Km. External transceiver is required. It is important to note that the network diameter in i am, any LAN must not exceed 5Km.
A LAN that does not rely on wired physical connection is referred to as wireless local area network (WLAN) (Tanenbaum, 2002). A WLAN can therefore be an extension or alternative to an existing wired network. It is important as it adds to questions, network flexibility to the network as it allows the the messenger ease of movement while still being connected. The WLANs transfer data at rates that vary from 1 to 54 Mbps, though some manufacturers can offer up to 106 Mbps. The mechanism used in transmission of signals in a WLAN is broadcast and thus the findings research paper signal is available to all that have the equipment to receive it within the broadcast network.
There is need to i am the messenger, put security mechanism in place to ensure security of the beowulf essay data in essay, transmission. A WLAN signal can cover a small office or a large network though the most common provide access within a radius of 300 feet. The equipment that are used in the installation of a WLAN are readily available in most retail stores. The hardware in this category generally subscribe to the 802.11 Ethernet standard and WPA2 standards due to security concerns. The enterprise class WLAN uses a large number of access points in diversity essay, broadcasting the the messenger signals. The features of access points in comparison to those of home WLANs are: Better security, authentication tools for integration and remote management. The access point are designed to research paper, work together so that they can cover a wide area. The hardware employed by this class adhere to the 802.11a, b, g Ethernet standards though they do also adhere to essay, WPA2 and 802.1 standards due to security requirements. The main advantages of where introductory paragraph this approach are: Data mobility is increased.
Highly convenient as the inconveniences and untidiness associated with the use of cables and fibres is eliminated. The increased mobility could lead to increased performance by employees in an organization as they can work from any where within the broadcast network. The deployment of a wireless LAN requires little apart from a single access point. Therefore the deployment is quite simple relative to wired networks that have the additional inconveniences of having to deal with cables. The main disadvantages are: The method is costly in terms of initial installation and the implementation of protocols that would ensure the security of the data within the broadcast region. The range of coverage of the wireless networks is i am the messenger, quite small and therefore its application is unsuited for large organizations though the addition of repeaters and essay choosing, access points may increase the network coverage. The speed of the wireless LAN is i am, quite low if compared to that of wired networks. HomePNA is an alliance that develops home networking solutions for the distribution of signals over the existing coaxial cables and phone lines.
The alliance also has internationally recognised open and interoperable standards that are aimed at ensuring best practices. HomePNA enables users to meet their multimedia demands such as IPTV and Voice Over Internet Protocol (VOIP) through Quality of Services (QoS) (Tanenbaum, 2002). There are several advantages and disadvantages that associated with the thesis in the paragraph implementation of the above in a LAN. Essay! The advantages are: No special wiring or device required. Existing services are not disrupted by research the implementation of Home PNA as it operates at different frequencies.
High data rates that makes it able to carry data of multimedia data of any format and size. Up to i am the messenger, 64 devices can be connected at any given instance, this is a large number in is the statement introductory, a home setting. The network coverage allows for up to 300M between two adjacent devices in a communication session. Uses standard Ethernet wires which are quite cheap. The QoS mechanism eliminates any collisions that are associated with Ethernet mechanisms. Very flexible as technologies like Wi-Fi can easily be added to the home networks. The major disadvantages associated with HomePNA LANs are: The network is limited to only 64 computers and essay, thus not suitable for in a research large companies. The cost benefit ratio associated with the use of HomePNA is low for large offices that transmit ordinary data. It does not coexist with some network platforms for instance DOCSI. The available chipsets are very few.
2. Functional Relationships. An active LAN is a network that does not operate in a fixed manner. The Messenger! The schemes involved in the operation of classroom essay such a network are quite dynamic, fully programmable an provide interfaces for i am execution of programs received from essay questions, other nodes via the network (Tanenbaum, 2002). An active network does not necessarily mean a static topology. To enable the use of active LAN, there is i am, need to use component based software engineering, code mobility( Use of Java) between end hosts and field programmable gate arrays that will aid high speed packet processing.
There are two models of active LANs . The first model runs the code on data flowing through the switches, this model is characterized by the separation of programs and packet demultiplexing to the right programs. This model is referred to as discrete active LAN. Secondly, an integrated active LAN in which individuals can inject programs into the LAN. Essay Friend! The integrated model is characterized by restricted programming languages and carriage of code by data packets. The programming of the nodes can be done by either the user or network administrator. The main motivation behind Active LANs is the leverage of computation in the LAN.
Other advantages involved in using active LANs include: Automation of adaptive streaming. Data aggregation which has the average effect of reduced data volumes. Reduction of latency. Provides the end user with customized services. Increased safety in the execution environment. There are several disadvantages involved in i am, this approach the most common are: Increased expenses in terms of programming knowledge. Security threat in that malicious programs could be retrieved from other devices tat may harm the host if run.
There is need for larger bandwidth if the interactive nature of the network is to be maintained at high level. b) Client-server LAN. This architecture distinguishes clients from servers. A client is defined as a node seeking a resource, while the server is essay, defined as a resource provider. Most application use a client server model especially the i am the messenger web browsers. A client-server LAN therefore consist one or more server machines from on their were, whom files and shared programs reside (Rodriguez, 1995). The LAN servers are usually big ( in terms of storage space an disk space) and fast as they have to meet the network requirements. The clients on the other hand are meant to serve one user at a time and therefore have lower specifications. It is possible in a client server architecture for a machine to provide specialized services, an i am essay, example is the for print server that is charged with the responsibility of printing requirements of the network. Advantages of Client-Server LAN are:
Centralized management make it possible to implement security mechanism. A fast server implies ease of access to resources, furthermore the location of resources can easily be identified as they reside in one computer. The disadvantage to this approach include: The centralization of resources could lead to a big loss in case of server failure. Poor server speeds could translate to poor access speed to resources by the clients. c) Peer to Peer LAN. A peer to peer (P2P) computer networks uses diverse connectivity between devices in a network and cumulative rather than conventional bandwidth and resource use. P2P is beowulf questions, used in connecting nodes via ad hoc connection. The Messenger Essay! A P2P LAN is therefore important in sharing data that is in digital data and multimedia data.
A pure P2P does not implement the where is the in the introductory client-server notion (Tanenbaum, 2002). The implementation is in essay, a way that the peers are equally charged with the essay friend client and i am essay, server responsibilities. This differs from the traditional client-server mechanisms in on their, that communication is not always from a specific source. The concept of P2P is i am essay, evolving and is increasingly being used in dynamic active and essay choosing good friend, distributed networks. An important objective in the peer to peer network is that all clients provide resources, which are: Bandwidth, storage space and computing power. Therefore, as the number of nodes increase there is an associated increase in the total capacity. This aspect is not true in the client sever architecture where there is fixed resource based at the server, and therefore more data imply slow data transfer rates to all users. A distributed P2P network increase reliability as data can be retrieved from the messenger essay, other sources in case of diversity essay failure in the primary source. This is the messenger, due to choosing good, the replication of data in a distributed network and therefore the elimination of essay single points of failure. The network in a P2P is made up of the beowulf essay nodes and the links between them.
The P2P networks can be categorized broadly into two namely: Structured and unstructured P2P (Mitchell, 2008). An unstructured P2P is characterised by the arbitrary establishment of overlay links. They are generally easy to construct as new peer only needs to copy existing links from other peers to form its own links. In this system when a device seeks data in the network, the query has to go through a number of peers that have shared data. The disadvantage of this method lies in the fact that the resolution of queries is not guaranteed as rare data is almost impossible to find as there is no correlation between a peer and the messenger, the content it manages. Flooding also causes traffic which if accumulated to large level is diversity in the essay, undesirable as it has a negative effect on the network efficiency. The structured P2P employs a protocol that is consistent over i am the messenger the network thus ensuring that any node can efficiently locate some desired file no matter how rare the file is. Essay Choosing Good Friend! This calls for a more structured approach to the overlay links. The most common of the P2P networks is the distributed hash tables (DHT), in which hashing is used in the assignment of i am essay file ownership to introductory paragraph, a particular file.
The advantages of peer to peer LAN are: There is reduced cost in cabling as computers only have to be connected to other computers. This is not the case in the client-server architecture where the i am connection to the server by any computer in the network is thesis, mandatory. The implementation of P2P is quite simple and so is the technique used in transmission. Elimination of risks associated with centralized storage. The disadvantages are: Management of resources and essay, security measures are quite complicated as there are several points of entry. The link to the network and reliability in terms of in a finding resources is i am essay, quite low especially in an unstructured P2P. The choice of the mode of implementation of LAN is poes, directly affected by several factors notably: The size of the network, the nature of the environment and the messenger essay, the available resources. Therefore, before choosing the essay questions kind of LAN one should implement, there are several factors that must be addressed.
The organization or home need to ask itself the following questions: What is the nature of the data involved in transmission? What is the available resources allocated to i am the messenger essay, the LAN and its management? What is the size of the organisations? Should the network be interactive? Does the organization and the end user have the diversity in the classroom essay knowledge needed to implement a specific LAN? What is the efficiency of the network type and is it reliable?
The answer to the messenger essay, the above questions greatly affects the choice of the systems to be implemented. The efficiency of the network therefore greatly depends on the nature of the organization, network type, topology implemented and the management of the network resources. Mitchell, B. (2008). Local Area Network. Retrieved on 19 Jul 2008 from http://compnetworking.about.com/cs/lanvlanwan/g/bldef_lan.htm. Rodriguez, C.(1995). The LAN Connection. Retrieved 23 Jul 2008 available from http://www.uic.edu/depts/accc/newsletter/adn005/lancon.html. Tanenbaum, A. S.(2002).Computer Networks.
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The Covered Call: An Income-Generating Options Strategy. The covered call provides extra income to a buy-and-hold strategy. In exchange for this income, there is a risk of lost opportunity. If the stock’s price rises well above the fixed strike price of the call, you have your 100 shares of stock called away below current market value. The Messenger? For some investors, this is an unacceptable risk; for others, it is gladly accepted given the potential extra returns from writing covered calls. The popularity of options trading has grown in where statement, recent years. Many investors and traders have realized that options can be used not only to speculate, but also as a means for i am essay managing a long-term stock portfolio, taking profits without needing to sell stock, and reducing the threat of essay, losses. Among the dozens of possible strategies, covered call writing is especially popular for its potential to the messenger, generate extra income for a portfolio. Options are intangible contracts that provide rights to their owners.
A call option provides the right to buy shares. (The second type of option, the put, gives you the right to questions, sell.) The stock involved in every call trade is the underlying security. I Am The Messenger Essay? Call options have two other specifications: the expiration date (the date on which an option expires and becomes worthless) and the strike price (the price per share at which 100 shares of an option can be bought or sold when exercised). Poes The Cask Thesis? None of these terms can be changed. A buyer, or owner, of an option has the the messenger right to exercise the contract. The Cask Thesis? In the case of i am, a call, this means that the right involves “calling away,” or purchasing, 100 shares of the essay eyes god stock at the strike price.
For example, if you own a 70 call and the underlying stock moves to $85 per i am the messenger share, that call gives you the right to buy 100 shares at $70, or $15 per share below current market value. Call buyers take considerable risk. About 75% of is the thesis in the introductory paragraph, all calls expire worthless, so buying is a speculative strategy. Some traders use options to time entry and exit points to i am essay, take advantage of short-term price changes, but as expiration nears, the option loses value. This happens because part of the essay choosing friend option’s premium (the current value of the the messenger option), its time value, falls, ending up at zero on expiration day. The rate of decline accelerates as expiration approaches, making buying options a difficult way to profit consistently. Thesis? (The time to expiration impacts value because the longer the i am the messenger essay period to where thesis introductory paragraph, expiration, the greater the the messenger probability that the stock will reach and move beyond the exercise price. As the beowulf essay expiration date nears, time value decreases because there are fewer days during which the contract can be exercised before it expires.) Time value is a big problem for call buyers. Selling options is i am a more profitable approach, for two reasons. First, when you sell an option, you receive the premium instead of paying it.
Second, the decline in time value is an advantage to you as a seller. As time value declines, a short call can be closed, creating a profit. This profit is the difference between the original sale price (the option’s premium) and the lower closing purchase price. Essay On Their Watching? (When you write, meaning sell, an option contract, you are short the i am the messenger contract. The term “short call” refers to the fact that you want the call contract to decrease in value, to $0, after you have sold it.) You can write a call that is “covered,” meaning you own the underlying shares, or “uncovered,” where you do not already hold the shares. Selling an uncovered, or “naked,” call is one of the riskiest option strategies because a stock’s price can rise as high as the market moves it. One huge problem with selling calls when you do not own 100 shares of the classroom essay underlying security is the high risk involved. For example, if you sell an uncovered 70 call (strike price is $70 per share) and you get a premium of 4 ($400), as long as the i am the messenger essay stock price remains at or below $70, all of the premium is going to be profit. But what if the essay choosing good friend stock’s value rises to $95 before the option expiration date? In that case, you would have a net loss of i am the messenger, $2,100 because you would need to buy the stock at the prevailing price of $95 in order to deliver it at the previously contracted price of $70. Table 1 shows the math.
The risk of selling an uncovered call is unacceptable for most traders, even though 75% of all calls expire worthless. If the stock price rises, the market risk is simply too great. Just as the thesis statement in the paragraph uncovered call is essay a high-risk strategy, the in a covered call is on the other side of the risk spectrum, relatively speaking. It is one of the most conservative options strategies. The primary argument against the covered call is that if the the messenger essay stock price rises above the strike price, profits on the stock are limited to the price specified in the contract. In other words, no matter how high the stock trades, you can only sell the stock at the price specified in essay friend, the contract, which is the “strike price.” The first rule for covered call writing: Pick the company as a first step, based on the messenger your investment standards and risk tolerance. This is a huge subject area beyond the scope of covered calls; but it is invariably a mistake to beowulf, use covered call writing as a primary method for picking stocks. Assume that you have two stocks you are considering for your portfolio. I Am Essay? In both cases, you are happy to hold these stocks for the long term but, given the right premium levels for covered calls, you are also happy to risk having shares called away.
Two stocks are used in essay, the following examples: IBM IBM and Caterpillar CAT. A position of i am the messenger essay, 100 shares in IBM purchased at $120 per share and a position of 100 shares in findings in a paper, CAT purchased at $58 per share is assumed. I Am Essay? Based on the stock and beowulf questions option values at the close of June 30, 2010, IBM closed at $123.48 and yielded a dividend of 2.1%. Caterpillar closed at $60.07 and yielded a dividend of i am, 2.9%. The IBM calls available as of the June 30 close are based on a limited range of strikes between 125 and 135 expiring in the three closest expiration months.
The CAT calls are based on strikes between 60 and 65 expiring in beowulf essay questions, the three closest expiration months. These months are always the two closest months and the next following month in a stock’s expiration cycle. IBM’s cycle is JAJO (January, April, July, October), while CAT’s cycle is FMAN (February, May, August, November). Calls for both stocks are summarized in Table 2. The next step is to pick the “best” strike. All of these are above the purchase price for i am essay each of the stocks. However, the premium levels are quite different. The longer the time to expiration, the higher the dollar value of the call for the contract closest to the stock’s current pricebut the beowulf questions lower the annualized yield. To annualize, calculate the yield by dividing the option premium by i am essay the current stock price. Then, divide the yield by the holding period (in months) and multiply by 12 (months).
This creates the yield earned if the poes position were kept open exactly one full year. Note that because the date of i am the messenger essay, these options is June 30, the time to the July expiration is beowulf questions 23 days, which makes the holding period about 75% of one month. Table 3 shows the math for i am calculating the essay annualized yield based on comparisons between the option premium and i am the messenger current value of the stock for each of the in a paper options. Annualized returns should not be used as a yardstick to judge the value of all covered call writing. For example, a CAT July 60 call shows annualized yield of 61.8%, which is quite impressive.
However, this does not mean that writing a series of similar calls is going to i am, produce that rate of return over the coming year. Movement in the stock, changes in markets, and the timing between entry date and essay good friend expiration make actual returns less certain. However, annualized yield in essay, options analysis is valuable for thesis statement making accurate comparisons between companies. In the example above, the yields on Caterpillar are vastly higher than the the messenger yields on IBM. This means CAT is essay choosing good friend a more volatile stock, and thus includes higher market risks than IBM. So the the messenger decision to use one company or the other for writing covered calls is a matter of matching the market risk of the friend stock to i am, the risk tolerance of the individual investor. A second comparison can be made on dividend yield. Based on where in the the June 30 prices, IBM yielded 2.1% whereas CAT yielded 2.9%. This difference in i am essay, dividend should also affect the decision to use one stock over essay questions the other. The rationale is the messenger essay that the findings paper higher yield will produce more relative income. Assuming you would have picked Caterpillar as a purchase choice, the next step is to compare available options.
Table 3 shows that shorter-term options yield better returns than longer-term options. The CAT 60 July call offers comparatively more upside. It yields over 60% annualized while generating immediate income of $232 (the premium payment). Exposure time is about 23 days. Essay? If the stock price closes below $60 per share, this call would expire worthless. If exercised, the call writer keeps the $232 plus dividends, plus a capital gain of $200 ($60.00 $58.00). These examples use calls that are above the essay eyes purchase price of the stock. Writing covered calls on a stock whose price has declined below your original purchase price is the messenger not recommended. The profit from selling calls with strikes above the poes thesis price you originally paid for the stock will not be large enough to offset your loss in the stock itself.
In this situation, you need to wait out the market until the value of the stock rises above your original cost basis. Comparing premium income on i am an annualized basis as well as dividend yield creates valid comparisons in essay, picking a covered call. Here are some additional things to i am, consider when deciding whether or not covered call writing is an appropriate strategy for you: What are the transaction costs for is the thesis introductory paragraph trading? Calls are quite cheap when compared to stocks; and the trading costs involved are quite low.
A round-trip (buy and sell) for a call should be less than $20 if you use an online discount broker. How about tax consequences? Income from a covered call is always treated as a short-term capital gain or rolled into the capital gain on i am exercised stock. A more serious tax consequence is the possibility of losing the benefit of research paper, long-term gains treatment. If you sell a call that is lower than one increment from essay latest closing price in most cases (meaning the strike is well below the stock’s current market value), you could be required to treat the gain as a short-term profit. IRS Publication 550 discusses tax issues involving options. Does it make more sense to just sell the stock?
Not every investor holding 100 shares of stock should write covered calls. In some cases, you are better off selling shares and taking profits. If the criteria for holding a company’s stock have changed, it makes sense to sell right away and replace it with shares of a company that do meet your criteria. It may also make sense to beowulf, take profits when you have a substantial net loss in another transaction, so that losses and profits are offset in i am the messenger, the same tax year. And it makes sense to sell when a sector is cyclically moving out of favor or when another company in the same sector has greater growth potential. Covered calls should be written only on shares of companies you would prefer to keep in your portfolio. Call: An option granting its owner the right, but not the obligation, to buy 100 shares of a specified stock, by or before a specific date, and at a specific fixed price. Covered call: A strategy of selling one call per 100 shares owned of the underlying security. If exercised, the market risk is eliminated because shares are available to be called away. Covered call writers receive the premium and earn dividends as long as they own the stock.
Exercise: Using an diversity in the classroom option to i am essay, trade in the underlying security. This entitles the friend call owner to buy (or, “call away”) 100 shares of stock. Expiration cycle: The months in i am, which options are going to expire. There are three annual cycles: JAJO (January, April, July, October); FMAN (February, May, August, November); and MJSD (March, June, September, December). Expiration date: The date on essay on their were which an i am option expires and becomes worthless. Premium: The current value of an option; the diversity essay amount a buyer has to pay to acquire an option, or the amount a seller receives. Strike price: The price per share at which 100 shares of stock can be bought or sold when an option is exercised. Time value: The portion of an option premium based on time to expiration; as expiration approaches, time value declines at an accelerated pace. Uncovered call: An option contract sold by an investor who does not own 100 shares of the underlying security. Underlying security: The stock or other security the the messenger essay option contract is written on, which cannot be exchanged or replaced. A covered call is going to end up in one of four ways:
The call option expires worthless. This means that the premium you received is 100% profit. As soon as a call you wrote (aka “a short call”) expires, you can immediately write another call and generate even more short-term income. You close the position at a profit or to limit a loss. You are free to essay choosing good friend, close a call option you wrote (aka “a short call”) any time before expiration. If the call’s premium drops substantially, it might make sense to execute a closing purchase transaction by buying a call with the same strike price and essay expiration as the one you wrote, take the profit, and then write later-expiring calls. If the stock price has risen, you can also close a short call to statement in the introductory paragraph, limit losses. This is a logical choice when the loss on the short call is lower than the the messenger appreciation in the underlying stock. The short call is exercised.
This can happen at any time, but is most common on the last trading day of the expiration month. In the case of exercise, your 100 shares are called away and your net profits include capital gains, the option premium and dividends. The short call is rolled forward. You can avoid or delay exercising with a forward roll, a transaction in which you close one call and replace it with another that expires later. A word of caution: The forward roll can unintentionally turn a qualified covered call into beowulf, an unqualified covered call. A qualified covered call does not change the tax status of the underlying stock, whereas an unqualified covered call can.
If you are close to reaching long-term capital gains status on your shares of stock, but your roll creates a new position with a strike more than an increment below current market value, the period counting toward favorable long-term treatment stops. In other words, if the stock is called, you could end up paying taxes on short-term gains regardless of how long you have held the stock. Consult a tax professional about how a covered call strategy will impact your tax situation. Here are five guidelines for writing covered calls: Select the i am the messenger stock as a first step. Never buy stock only to write covered calls; apply a sensible standard for picking companies whose stock you want to own. Be willing to poes the cask thesis, accept exercise. When you sell a covered call, you are granting the right to someone else to call away your stock. You need to be happy selling 100 shares at the strike price. Pick a strike higher than the price you paid for the stock. If a covered call is exercised, it should yield a capital gain and not a capital loss.
For example, if you buy shares at $69, look at calls with strikes of 70 or above. Avoid writing covered calls with strikes below your cost. Your broker will have a table showing contracts for various months. Include dividends in the comparison. When comparing the income from covered calls, remember that dividends represent part of the overall return. So for two or more stocks you might buy, if the the messenger essay fundamentals are approximately equal, opt for essay the higher-yielding company. Make sure you can accept lost opportunity risk.
Exercise means you lose the potential for higher capital gains in the stock. So, you must be willing to lose the occasional big profit in a stock in exchange for the income from covered call writing. Evaluate covered call writing like any other option strategy: Be aware of the risks. For covered calls, you live with the lost opportunity risk or the sacrifice of potential profits you could earn by just owning stock when the price rises dramatically. The covered call fixes your sales price at the strike in essay, exchange for the call premium you receive. Other important risks are knowledge risk (the risk of entering transactions when you do not fully understand what is involved); capital risk (the need to beowulf, keep money tied up in the long stock to cover the short option); and the potential risk of having stock called away that you want to keep. With these risks in i am, mind, if you want to write covered calls, you need to make sure you are willing to accept the premium in exchange for the potential of losing a large capital gain.
You also need to classroom essay, make sure you understand the transaction. Finally, you need to know in advance that having stock called away at the strike is an acceptable outcome. Using covered calls to the messenger essay, generate monthly income from a portfolio of stocks/ETFs is a good idea in all but a strong bull market. There is a free tutorial (with examples) and where is the statement a covered call screener here: I like this strategy in a stock pickers market which I believe we are in. I Am The Messenger Essay? so rather than depending upon the use of where is the statement in the paragraph, ETF to diversify my portfolio and to capture an asset allocated return for essay safety and marginal return I will pursue a covered call return on a limited number of well investigated safe stocks I like the strategy also and were try to find stocks that pay larger than average dividends because you can still collect those dividends therefore adding to your returns. My interest is in the messenger, covered calls .You cover this area extremely well. I am interested in leaps.Can you fully explain the theory governing this method . Advise . Writing the call with a buy/write strategy can reduce your initial purchase cost. Beowulf Questions? You can even write an in-the-money (ITM) call if all the possible results are acceptable to i am, you. Writing a (deeper) ITM call is also a way to get a bonus when you want to sell a stock if you are willing to essay friend, accept the risk of holding on to the stock for a while.
Marc Abear from NH posted over 4 years ago: Another aspect of covered calls that can work for you is essay recovery by call. Say you picked a stock because you liked the hypothesis, the financials look good. It becomes a long term buy and hold for you. With that said things go badly despite proper due diligence and the stock price drops below your entry point.
Maybe you bought the peak, maybe the market reverses, maybe the choosing industry leader misses earnings and the messenger the sector takes a hit. Essay Eyes Were? Whatever the reason the stock price dips, maybe not enough to get stopped out but below your entry point. Sorry, you cannot add comments while on a mobile device or while printing. 2017 The American Association of the messenger, Individual Investors. This content originally appeared in the AAII Journal.
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17 Ways to Make Your Resume Fit on One Page. You may look at your resume and think that everything on it is too important to the messenger essay be left off. But let#8217;s get real. You#8217;re looking for essay friend, an internship or entry-level job, which means you have just a few years experience. While we#8217;re all about making your experience relevant, there isn#8217;t a single recruiter out there who thinks it#8217;s ok to have a resume longer than one page for an internship or entry-level job.
You may have plenty of experience for your level, but you don#8217;t have that much experience. Resumes longer than a page are only appropriate for those who have been in their industry, say, 10 years. So how do you cut down your resume to something readable, while still getting across how awesome you are? These easy tips will help you easily achieve such a lofty goal. 1. I Am The Messenger? Only talk about relevant experience. Even if you have a ton of internship experience, it probably doesn#8217;t all need to be on your resume. Read the job description carefully and highlight keywords and skills they#8217;re looking for.
Then, look over essay, your experiences and only include the ones that demonstrate your ability in those areas. If you#8217;ve had similar roles at different companies, you probably had some similar tasks. That#8217;s great! It means you have lots of experience in those areas. However, recruiters do not need to read #8220;Strategized social media content for various clients#8221; or #8220;Wrote and i am the messenger essay distributed press releases#8221; two or three times. If you had the same responsibilities at two different jobs, only mention the introductory one where you had the best results. 3. Leave out i am, #8220;References available upon request.#8221; Many people will use an entire line (and probably a blank space above it) to write this phrase. If you#8217;re struggling to fit your resume to choosing good a page, those two lines are valuable real estate. If an employer wants references, they#8217;ll request them.
It#8217;s rare for i am the messenger essay, an applicant not to have a single reference available, so don#8217;t waste precious resume space with this phrase. Many people choose to write their name across the top of their resume in essay 13940292 pt font. The Messenger Essay? We get it it#8217;s dramatic, eye catching, etc., etc., but it#8217;s a total waste of space. It#8217;s plenty attention-grabbing to write your name in thesis statement in the introductory paragraph bold, maybe one or two font sizes larger than the rest of your resume. Recruiters know they can find your name at the top of the page, so you don#8217;t need to make it so obvious for i am essay, them. We#8217;ve heard plenty of mixed feelings from essay, recruiters on the objective. Some find it helpful, some say it#8217;s a waste of i am the messenger, space. We happen to side with the beowulf essay questions latter.
Let your experience show your objective. If your experience doesn#8217;t seem obviously relevant to the position, then use your bullet points to demonstrate how those roles apply. The Messenger Essay? Review the in the job description and reshape your bullets to show your relevant skills. Plus, your cover letter is the perfect place to elaborate on how your experience fits. A #8220;widow#8221; is one word that has it#8217;s own line. In resumes, this is often seen in the #8220;skills#8221; section, and it#8217;s a major waste of space. Try reformatting sections like that to make the most of your space.
For example, write your skills on essay one line and separate them with dots, slashes, or lines. If you do this, however, be careful when uploading to application systems that pull the content of your resume into a text box. The system may mess up your formatting, so be sure to check it over and update it before submitting. Is The Introductory Paragraph? Very rarely is i am the messenger essay your high school going to be relevant to diversity classroom a position you#8217;re applying for. Unless you went to a very specialized high school, or you know that the recruiter reviewing your application also went to your high school, there#8217;s no reason to include it. Your work experience and the messenger college education say a lot more about beowulf essay, you than where you went to school when you were 16, so just leave this out. 8. I Am Essay? Put information about each position on one line. You might like the way your resume looks when the where thesis statement introductory paragraph company, duration of your position, location, and your title each have their own line.
But if it#8217;s pushing your resume over a page, it#8217;s time to move things around. Essay? Play around with ways to fit this information on one or two lines. Doing this for each of your positions will save you a ton of space. 9. The Cask? Format relevant leadership experience under work experience. Having a separate #8220;leadership experience#8221; section uses more space than necessary. I Am? Evaluate your leadership and see which roles are truly relevant to the position you#8217;re applying for. Then, move the thesis most relevant ones into your #8220;work experience#8221; section. Cutting out that header and selecting only the i am the messenger essay roles that are actually relevant will free up some room on the page. Essay? It might seem scary to have tiny margins it#8217;s against everything you learned in school but it actually makes your resume look much more impressive.
Try making your margins 0.5#8243; and i am the messenger see how much space you suddenly have. You can also play around with spacing between bullet points and sections. Single spacing your bullets but putting slightly larger spacing between sections will keep your resume readable without sucking up the space that double spacing does. Just based on in the essay the formatting which is all you see at i am the messenger, first glance which of on their god, these is more likely to catch your eye? Spacing can make a huge difference. 11. Put your contact information on one line. The Messenger Essay? The traditional address format is not your friend when putting together your resume. Choosing Good Friend? Use the same trick we used earlier for putting your skills on one line, and separate your contact information using dots, slashes, or lines. Just because 12 pt font was standard for i am the messenger essay, your college essays doesn#8217;t mean the same goes for your resume. Play around with 11 or 11.5 pt font instead.
You#8217;ll find that it#8217;s readable and gives you more room to play with. 13. Don#8217;t feel pressure to put three bullets. It may look nice to have at least three bullet points under each title you#8217;ve held, but it#8217;s not necessary. If you didn#8217;t have three separate and essay on their watching god relevant roles in each position, then you don#8217;t need three bullets. If two of your bullet points are similar, try combining them into one line. 14. I Am Essay? Use bullet points that make you stand out.
Forget the bullets that everyone in friend that sort of role performed. Only include ones where you had great results (#8220;Increased ticket sales by 200%#8221;) or the context is impressive (#8220;Worked the i am the messenger essay door for a 500+ person event#8221;). 15. Only mention self-explanatory awards. Having awards on your resume is nice, unless you#8217;re using up all your space explaining what they#8217;re for. If the name of an findings in a research paper, award doesn#8217;t obviously explain what it#8217;s for, and you find yourself adding bullets under it to explain, then just leave it out altogether. 16. Leave off irrelevant experience (yes, again!). Seriously.
This one is so important, it#8217;s worth repeating. If I#8217;m considering you for an editorial internship, I don#8217;t need to know that you were a member of your school#8217;s ballroom dance club. Unless you can clearly show in essay your bullets how the experience applies to the role, don#8217;t include it. Findings? 17. Submit it as a PDF unless otherwise specified. Once you#8217;ve made all these changes, save your resume as a PDF. Employers want to see PDF resumes 99% of the time, so unless the application specifically says to submit it as a Word Document, you should save it as a PDF. Nothing says #8220;careless#8221; like submitting a Word document that highlights typos, and you never know if the i am essay formatting will change on questions the recruiter#8217;s computer, making it look sloppy and the messenger essay possibly over one page. Submit a PDF so you know exactly what they#8217;ll see when they open it. Remember, you can always add more to your LinkedIn to cover additional experiences.
Make sure you include your custom LinkedIn link in findings in a paper the contact section of your resume so employers can easily find out more about you. About the the messenger essay author of this article, Christina Madsen. 2 comment on essay on their eyes were watching “ 17 Ways to Make Your Resume Fit on i am the messenger essay One Page ” My question on this is that if you aren#8217;t applying to a entry level position or an internship does the the cask thesis lack of introduction summary on your resume still apply? As I am applying to i am essay different jobs and I have heard that most of the time when you write a cover letter, it gets seen by the first person to receive your application but then they discard it and just keep the is the thesis statement in the paragraph resume, sometime being the person who looks at the cover letter will say, #8220;she/he meets the criteria we are looking for i am essay, based our advertisement#8221; then hands it to diversity classroom the person without the cover letter who actually does the hiring. I am trying to get used to the different ways to present a resume at essay, this moment being originally from australia where some things in terms of the application process differs. Thoughts or advice? Thank you. Hi Johanna! That#8217;s a great question. Unfortunately, the poes the cask short answer is that it#8217;s different for every company.
Some recruiters love to read cover letters, others never read them. I would say that if you#8217;re trying to make your resume fit on i am the messenger essay one page and have to make a choice between including really great work experience and including an in the, objective/summary, go with the experience. I Am The Messenger Essay? It will show why you#8217;re right for the job better than a brief summary. Again, that#8217;s a personal opinion and everyone will have a different view on the matter. On Their Eyes God? But go with your gut and include what you think shows that you#8217;re the best candidate!
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essay on i am the messenger essay, poetry © 2017 Steve Campsall. improve your poetry grades! Download Free English biz Guides. If you find poetry difficult then you're not alone. Choosing Good! For many people, it's the most difficult aspect of the English course.
But. fear not as help and a higher grade are within reach. Read on! Find time to give the English biz guide to essay writing a look over as it's been written to work alongside this one - click here to read this later . If you need help with a specific poet or poem, click here or on a link below. If you're truly stuck you can also email the teacher at English biz - you'll find a link on i am essay, the first page of the site, here . What really must be covered in your coursework and exam answers? At the core of any and poes thesis, every answer or essay about poetry must be your own interpretation of the poem or poems you are writing about. I Am The Messenger Essay! It is this alone that attracts the in the paragraph majority of marks. I Am! In a nutshell, the more subtly you interpret a poem - and give support for your interpretation - the higher your marks, and grade, will be. Poems are rarely to be taken at face value. It is never the literal meanings that will gain you any marks - it is in a exposing and discussing the poem's 'deeper meanings' that bring in the marks every time. When you interpret a poem, you seek to essay explain what you believe these 'hidden meanings' are, show how they have been created and poes the cask thesis, discuss why this was done. Remember: the meanings you seek exist 'between the lines'.
It is the poet's use of literary language that creates these layers of meaning . Poems, more than any other literary form, are dense with meanings created by this type of i am, language. This is because poets have so little space in which to condense as much meaning as possible. This is what makes understanding a poem sometimes very difficult - and yet also, often, fascinating. Let's get one thing clear: interpretation never deals in facts . An interpretation is always an opinion - an insight into where is the thesis statement paragraph, what the i am the messenger essay poem might mean. This is why examiners are never happy with students who do no more than trot out the opinions of others, those of their teacher or what they've found in a study guide, for choosing good friend example (examiners do read study guides, btw!). Examiners will always give the i am the messenger most marks to diversity in the a student's original ideas - so long as they are valid and are supported by i am the messenger essay, close and careful reference to the poem itself. Whilst it is your own ideas that are needed, it is invariably easier to uncover the layers of meaning in a poem by essay on their god, discussing it with others . Somehow an interaction of minds brings about clearer meaning and a moment when the penny drops. This does not mean you should copy others' ideas but do use such a discussion to develop your own interpretations. You might be one of the many who feel discussing poetry is not cool. I Am Essay! Well, keep in mind that it's your grades that are at stake . The exam is not a practice and you need to get the highest grade you can.
So, what to do? For once, ignore being 'uncool' and the cask, get boosting those exam grades. Many students lose marks by going off at a tangent and misreading their poem. How can you avoid this and know that your interpretation is on the right lines? Here's a very worthwhile tip. How does all this work in practice? Below is an the messenger example to help show you. It is based on a just a couple of lines from the opening of the poem 'Half Caste' by John Agard, a very witty poem that many of diversity in the classroom, you will know. Don't be put off if you don't know it, you'll be able to apply exactly the same ideas to the messenger essay any poem you are studying. You will see from this just how much can be 'squeezed' from only two lines of a poem. Essay On Their Eyes Watching God! This is a key thing for you to appreciate.
'Excuse me standing on one leg I’m half-caste. Explain yuself wha yu mean when yu say half-caste. I Am The Messenger! ' Agard opens his poem by creating an obvious contrast between the standard English of the opening line of the poem and findings research paper, the Caribbean dialect of the second. I Am Essay! This creates a clear contrast which works to alert the reader to the fact that while both kinds of English create perfectly obvious meaning, only one kind is essay considered to be prestigious and 'proper' within educated circles. Ironically, it is the dialect line that creates the more expressive meaning. In this way, Agard manages to open his poem and introduce a key theme. He wants the reader both to i am the messenger consider and reflect upon what is thought of as acceptable and in the classroom, what is looked down upon in British society. I Am The Messenger! He shows us that 'half-caste' language is actually very good language and language that is capable of communicating its message well. Poetry has, as has been said above, been called the art of 'saying the unsayable'. Undoubtedly some poems can seem to create meanings and emotions that seem well beyond the words on the page. Language can be a very mysterious and wonderful thing!
Hopefully, you will come to enjoy at least some of the poems you study at school but, to be realistic, some poems will, initially at least, appear worryingly difficult. One of the difficulties with a poem is in the introductory paragraph connected with its form - generally speaking, poems are short and i am the messenger, this means that poets look for ways to squeeze the maximum meaning and feeling into them. Poems are often dense with meaning and unlocking these multi-layered meanings requires patience and skill. But it can be very satisfying - a poem can be like a riddle, fun to crack! This english biz guide will help you 'unpick' a poem and enable you to work out in a paper just what the poet is trying to say, how the poem is 'working' and why this is being done - the poet's purpose . Oh, and i am the messenger essay, finally, you'll find out in the classroom what gains most marks - as well as how you can get them! Click here to read a poem that many people feel has magical qualities; and the messenger, here is another! Of course, individuals react differently to such poems but many students seem to the cask thesis enjoy these two poems.
Appreciating the subtleties of the messenger, a complex poem in classroom conditions is far from findings research ideal. I Am The Messenger! This means that it will be necessary to find a quiet place and the cask thesis, time at home with mobile phone, MP3 player and TV all switched off when you can re-read your poems. Even better, find a friend to read and discuss the the messenger essay poem with - two heads are far better than one when it comes to understanding a complex poem. An odd but useful thing about a poem is that if you leave a day between reading it, some of the choosing poem's extra layers of meaning seem to become more apparent when you read the poem again. It's as if the brain has subconsciously 'worked' on the poem in between readings. Reading for Meaning. Quite a useful thing to the messenger essay do when you first begin your work on analysing a poem is to. Essay Good Friend! forget it's a poem!
Odd as this sounds, your first task is not to dig for hidden meanings but to be sure you've understood the poem's 'story' - that is, what it is i am generally all about. This can be called the poem's ' big picture '. It's true that in choosing good friend, your essay that this will be one of things to i am essay which you will be devoting precious little space BUT you simply cannot proceed without it. Essay Choosing Good! So, when you first read any poem, first of all, read it for meaning . I Am Essay! These questions will get you on your way: Make a note of who is doing the speaking in the poem - what kind of person and in on their god, what kind of state or mood? By the i am essay way, never assume it's the poet: instead, think of essay eyes were god, it as an i am essay imagined poetic persona . Is The In The Introductory Paragraph! Poets often like to explore all kinds of aspects of life in i am the messenger, their work and this can mean that they try to write from different viewpoints, for example an older male poet can write as a young boy, or even girl! Now work out who is being spoken to or addressed? (Yes - it could be you, the poem's reader, or it might be an imaginary person. Often, you a poem can seem to essay be spoken thoughts such as in a monologue , or it could be one half of an the messenger imaginary conversation. Think about just what is being spoken about? (What is the subject matter being discussed?).
Now - and this is crucial to essay a good understanding - work out exactly what tone of voice or manner of the i am the messenger speaking voice? (Is the speaker sounding worried, reflective, nostalgic, mournful, happy, concerned, angry, for in the essay example?). Importantly, does the tone of i am the messenger, voice change during the choosing good poem? Make a note of where this occurs. Finally, where do the events of the poem happen and what is the situation surrounding them ? When you read your poem, simply read it as a group of sentences, forgetting the fact that these sentences have been split into lines . At the end of each sentence (i.e. Essay! stop reading at each full stop or, maybe, at each semicolon - ; ), work out what the meaning is in the introductory so far. I Am! Spend time thinking about this and perhaps note the idea down on good, the poem itself at the side of that part of the poem (this is called annotating the text). This is often the easiest and surest way to find out what the poet is trying to say. You can consider the effects of other poetic devices the poet has used, such as the i am essay way the lines cut up the sentences, the use of rhythm and in a paper, rhyme , alliteration and so on later. Of course, this doesn't always work - some poems are, let's face it, especially difficult to understand! They might even lack any punctuation so have no apparent sentences. If you find this to be the i am the messenger case, try searching for a study guide to your poem by essay, clicking here or here - or, of course, ask your teacher or a friend for help.
If you are still struggling to get to grips with your poem, read it a few more times and, this is the important bit! - leave time between readings (of course, in an exam, this is not possible). A useful tip : Most people race through poems using a dull voice. Try reading your poems quite S-L-O-W-L-Y . Even better (in fact, far better!) is to the messenger read the poem aloud ? Oh yes, you really should! Find a quiet place, or read with a friend. In The! Put embarrassment to one side for the sake of a higher grade! Reading aloud is i am the messenger a very effective way of getting 'beneath' the poem's surface and finding its more subtle meanings. But what you have to beowulf do is avoid a mouse-like monotone and instead try to achieve the voice the writer of the poem intended (and this won't be mouse like!!).
Click here to listen to essay a clip of the GCSE poet John Agard reading a part of his poem, 'Half Caste'. You'll see from this just how much more a dramatic reading of some poems can reveal. Always avoid reading the poem in an overly stylised way , i.e. in a non-conversational voice! Modern poems, especially, are often best read in a normal speaking voice - but it will be a voice with a distinct quality . Essay Choosing Good Friend! Do always try to the messenger essay capture this distinctiveness. Shakespeare had a strong Stratford accent apparently - why, then, do we pretend he didn't when we read his plays? The poem's images will, for sure, be there and the poet has created them to guide you towards a fuller understanding of the poem's content and messages . Try hard not to be overly ingenious as this leads you finding meanings that are not there . This is a classic problem with even the brightest students when reading poems. Meanings are never 'hidden' - they are always 'there' - maybe 'under the essay friend surface', but always 'there'. The Messenger Essay! And they are always consistent with the whole poem. A poem's deeper meaning might not always be easy to get hold of, but it will be there to diversity in the classroom find - and i am essay, - very helpfully and in the essay, importantly - it will be coherent . Coherence is an important quality of all literature, poems included. I Am The Messenger! It means that the meanings in the poem will all be developed and in the essay, reinforced logically as the poem progresses . The first line always contributes to the overall meaning, as do all other lines.
If you do think you've found a meaning in a poem and it does not contribute in some obvious way to the overall meaning of the whole poem , you are almost certainly off track and misreading the poem: a classic way to lose marks! Click here to listen to the messenger essay John Agard reading a part of his poem, Half-Caste . Notice the diversity in the classroom essay slow and emphatic nature of his voice. If you take a leaf from his book and read your poems slowly and dramatically you will obtain far more meaning from your poems - and i am the messenger, gain higher grades ! Writing your essay. Writing an essay about a poem needs the same skills that apply to all essay writing. The english biz essay writing guide is the cask full of i am the messenger, ideas that will help gain you a higher grade - be sure to read this - click here . As with all essays, you cannot hope to do well unless you know your text well . Only then will you be able to develop a sufficiently strong viewpoint from which to were god create the necessary argument that forms the basis of the best essays. The best essays are written as if they were an i am essay argument - again, the the cask thesis Englishbiz guide has much more on this. What is i am essay your teacher or examiner actually looking for in your essays? You need to poes the cask show that you have understood not just the the messenger essay poem's 'surface' meaning - try to show knowledge of its layers of beowulf essay questions, meaning and its more subtle messages . You need to show you have understood how the poet has used language and poetic devices to i am the messenger essay help create and 'shape' create subtle underlying messages . You need to show you have recognised how meaning is developed across the whole poem - as each idea is explored and choosing good friend, builds up into a coherent whole. How to do this to gain high marks. Read the essay question or title very carefully . You just wouldn't believe how many students answer a different answer to i am the messenger the one asked. Yes - they do, every year!
If you are revising for an exam, ask your teacher to show you some past exam questions . There is no better way to familiarise yourself with what is required in the exam and your teacher will be happy to mark any questions you try. Some exam boards now post downloadable past exam papers on their web sites . Highlight the key words of the essay question and essay, be sure you address each of the messenger, these in findings in a paper, your answer - marks will be lost if you don't! In an exam question, there will usually be bullet points to guide your response - you MUST cover the points these mention as the exam marker gives marks based on these . If it is not clear in i am essay, the essay question, decide which poem(s) will help you answer it. Work out exactly what is required of on their eyes watching, you. Discussing the poet's life and times, i.e. their context , rarely gains marks. It is i am essay often better to get on with your analysis of the poem(s) straight away. Be aware of any significant changes in emphasis and essay on their, the tone of voice as the story, ideas or images of the poem unfolds. Work out how and why these tones and changes in the messenger, tone have been made to occur through particular choices of language or form . This is essay friend important as it will allow you to comment on the structure of the poem and this gains many marks.
Be especially alert to the use of an ironic tone of voice. Irony is an important and frequent poetic device used by poets. Irony is an effective means of engaging the reader. Irony subtly shapes meaning and develops layers of meaning within the poem. As well as irony , poets frequently rely on the use of what is called ' figurative' language . It's very important to notice where figurative language is used, the effect it creates and the purpose intended. Figurative language creates 'figures' or images in the mind's eye. It is the use of description , metaphor , simile or personification . This common poetic device helps the poet to create and shape meaning. It also works to develop an emotional response in you, the reader. Figurative language works so well because it creates images in the mind - and the messenger, as the old saying goes, 'a picture is beowulf essay worth a thousand words. '. Look at these opening lines and see how the i am the messenger images are created and begin to work:
I’ve known rivers: I’ve known rivers ancient as the world and older than the. flow of where is the statement in the introductory paragraph, human blood in human veins. My soul has grown deep like the i am rivers. from 'The Negro Sings of Rivers' by Langston Hughes. Read your poem through a sufficient number of times for you to feel sure you have grasped its big picture . Finally, with the essay question firmly in mind , work out your response to it. This is your own point of view on which you will base your essay. An important way you can unlock subtle meanings in any text, but especially in a poem, is to in a paper look for the effects of binary oppositions . Click on the hyperlink if this idea intrigues you. It is a guaranteed 'mark grabber' as it allows a very subtle response indeed to a poem (or any text). If you can discuss a text at the level of i am the messenger essay, its binary oppositions , you will have at your disposal a sophisticated way of analysing the subtle levels of meaning created in poetry - but this method is sophisticated and requires very careful thought. FOR A FULL GUIDE TO THIS FASCINATING ANALYTICAL TECHNIQUE - CLICK HERE.
Some more ways to unlock the meaning of a poem. There is a key aspect to every poem you need to consider - the one aspect that separates all poems from any other kind of where is the thesis in the, writing: its form . You need to work out why the i am essay poet wrote it in lines! Writing in lines means the poem is composed in in the essay, verse . Notice where the poet sliced up each sentence into i am the messenger, shorter lines (and sometimes even across the stanzas of the poem). Does it allow a special degree of emphasis to be placed on the cask, parts of the sentence that might have been lost if it was not 'sliced' up into lines - i.e. if it had been written as a piece of continuous prose ? See if you can work out how the poet's use form helps to emphasise certain words or ideas as these often act subtly to shape meaning . Remember that only poetry allows this 'playfulness' with form . Poets truly enjoy playing with the form of poetry - after all, that's why they like writing poetry! As well as choosing where to end a line or a verse (i.e. properly called a stanza ), or whether to use rhythm or rhyme , there are many other ways in the messenger, which a poet can play around with the findings paper form of language to add to the meaning: Some lines might seem to end quite abruptly - even without using a full stop. This can be used to create subtle effects. I Am The Messenger! For example, an end-stopped line can lead to a useful pause occurring before you read on thus creating emphasis (see the technical term caesura below).
Some lines might 'run on' into the next line or even the next stanza. Poets also sometimes create the essay questions effect of an extended pause between words, phrases or lines - again with or without using punctuation to achieve this effect. This enforced mini-pause is i am essay called a caesura . This is a subtle effect that leads to where statement introductory an emphasis or a pause for essay thought being created. Some I mportant 'Poetic Devices' Alliteration is the repeating of initial sounds as in William Blake's poem The Tyger: ' T yger! T yger! B urning b right!'. This often creates emphasis and, like the use of rhythm and rhyme , makes words memorable. It can also help to beowulf essay questions create a different tone - depending on the messenger, which consonants are alliterated.
Alliteration using consonants such as 's' or 'f' will create a softer tone of voice. Alliteration created using harsher consonants such as 'b' or 'd' can create a harsh even angry tone. Always try to work out the tone of essay good friend, voice within your poem and note how and where this changes . A ssonance is the i am term used for eyes god the repetition of vowel sounds within consecutive words as in, 'rags of gr ee n w ee d hung down. '. Vowel sounds are always softer sounding and can add to i am the messenger the quality of the tone of voice within the poem, perhaps creating a sense of softness of in a, mood or romance . A combination of soft consonants and long vowels can create a particularly gentle tone. Rhyme is when the final sounds of words are the same and i am essay, are repeated either within a line (this is called internal rhyme , as in 'I bring fresh showers for the thirsting flowers ') or at beowulf essay questions, the end of two lines (this is called end rhyme ). Work our the essay effect rhyme creates. Does it make the poem more memorable? Does it add to the 'feel', the meaning or the tone in a useful way? Does it create a happy sense that 'all is well with the world'? Often 'sound effects' created by using the form of words help to suggest a particular tone of voice . For example, repeated hard consonants called 'plosive consonants' (b, p, c, k, d, etc.) can suggest harshness or anger, whereas soft consonants (sh, ch, s, f, m, etc.) or 'long' internal vowels (e.g. the s oo n the sh ow ers of au tumn') can suggest a calm or romantic quality.
Rhyme can also suggest or add a sense of control or harmony as if 'all is well with the world', whereas half-rhyme (e.g. moan/mourn, years/yours) can suggest a wish for harmony or the presence of discord . Repetition of important words and poes the cask, phrases can help shape meaning because it adds emphasis . Are the stanzas (i.e. what many students wrongly call 'verses') regular in line length, size and shape with a repeating, regular rhythm? This is typical of older more traditional British poetry and hints at that sense of i am essay, 'control' and essay questions, 'harmony' that seemed to exist in earlier days before the great loss of religious faith or questioning of values of today. Poems with irregular line lengths and no obvious rhythm or rhyme look and sound very different from traditional poetry. These poems are called free verse or, technically, 'vers libre' and can be a way of i am the messenger, suggesting lack of control or lack of harmony . Look at the way the structure or sequence of ideas builds up in the poem (perhaps through a sequence of images ); make a note of the effect of this sequencing of ideas or images and findings in a research paper, how it adds to the overall effect and meaning of the poem. Finally, notice if any particular words and phrases stand out in a particularly poetic way. These words and phrases deserve extra thought as they probably contain layers of meaning or create imagery and ideas.
Maybe the words are ironic or metaphorical? Perhaps they create a vivid image , for example. These effects act to i am draw you deeper into the world of the poem by engaging your attention - a sure sign that the essay poem is 'working' on you! In your mind, 'become' the poet and ask yourself these revealing questions: 1. What is 'your' poem about generally (e.g. I Am The Messenger! 'war') and in particular (e.g. Thesis! 'the horror of fighting in i am the messenger, trench warfare'). For example, were you trying to help your reader to understand some aspect of society or human life more clearly? What was your intention or purpose? 3. What motivated you to write about such a subject? Were you affected by your circumstances : the beliefs, values and attitudes you hold to compared to the general beliefs, attitudes and values of your society or its leaders (i.e. Choosing Friend! your society's dominant ideologies )? 4. I Am The Messenger! Were there any literary traditions or fashions that affected the style in which you wrote? Why was this?
You will frequently be asked to write about more than one poem and this does add an extra layer of difficulty. However, if you are writing an argument essay , the is the thesis introductory difficulty is lessened dramatically because you are using the poems to support your own argument rather than writing directly about the poems themselves. Aspects of i am essay, each poem will, therefore, naturally find their way into in the introductory, your essay as you write in support of the various points you are making to i am the messenger support your argument. It is, therefore, always best to compare and contrast the where is the introductory ideas each poet explores as you proceed - and this is best done as providing support for your own argument. In each paragraph you write, you should aim to discuss a comparable or contrasting aspect chosen from each poem (and, as before, you must use the essay 'point-quotation-comment' method) that helps develop a point that supports your overall argument as stated in your opening paragraph.
If you find this difficult (and it can be - especially under examination conditions), the alternative is to write an 'exploring essay'. In this kind of thesis statement paragraph, essay, you analyse and write about your first poem fully before moving on to your second poem, then, as you write about the second poem, you must take the chance frequently to refer back to the first poem when you find a suitable point of the messenger essay, comparison or contrast. N ever forget to compare and contrast! This is a part of the mark scheme in this type of question. FIVE TOP TIPS FOR SUCCESS. 1. Know your poems well.
2. Poes The Cask! Analyse closely analysis and develop subtle insights. Only a close analysis of the poem will allow you to develop subtle insights into the poet's reasons and methods. It is the essay consistency, clarity, depth and where thesis statement, subtlety of i am the messenger, your analysis and insights that will gain the highest marks. 3. Use the P.E.E. method of analysis. 4. Never look for and find what isn't there ! Poems can be difficult so when you are thinking about the deeper levels of a poem's meaning, it is all too easy to be overly ingenious . Do not find meanings that are not really there. If a particular meaning exists within a part of a poem, it will be consistent with (i.e. help out the meaning of. ) the whole poem - it will never just apply to in a paper a single line or phrase. If you think a line of essay, poetry means something, make sure this fits in with what you think the poet is essay god trying to say in the whole poem. A more obvious meaning is far more likely than a very obscure meaning. Always make sure that the words of your poem clearly support whatever points you want to make about i am, it.
Never be afraid to use a lively style when you write; in fact, whilst remembering always to avoid slang and to use standard English , try hard to make your essay sound as individual and interesting as you are! Avoid stuffiness and over-formality like the plague.
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I Am the Messenger Essay - 1178 …
How to Guide to Racing Resume / Sponsorship Proposal. So you want to race. Welcome to the club. Whether you are trying to i am the messenger work this out with family support, or on your own, unless you are fabulously wealthy, you have already realized that sponsorship is a must for nearly every racer on the track. In your pre-racing days you had to pay for parts to make your ride go as fast as your buddy's, or to make it easier on your bod while having fun. Essay On Their Eyes Were God! As a racer, whether you are a first year amateur or a factory pro, you will have to obtain the performance modifications and replace product when you mess it up, on or off the track. In fact I know of quite a few times that perfectly good brand new parts have been destroyed in the process of installing them (an expensive education and a lesson in why we should read the directions that come with our new toys). The Messenger Essay! The point being that your little obsession/habit of is the thesis introductory, racing/riding is going to the messenger essay be a costly adventure, but also the is the thesis statement in the introductory time of your life. Anyone that has been to a race track has noticed the stickers on the bikes and haulers. I Am! These are sometimes put there because they came free in the shipment of the cask, nerfs, handlebars or in i am a sticker pack the rider got at the local Honda shop. If you are a sponsored rider, then the branding/stickers on your quad and hauler establish you as a part of the company that you represent.
Your actions while wearing the stickers of poes, your sponsor reflect on the messenger, the sponsor as well as yourself. Sponsors consider that when choosing riders. Next question, How do I get a bunch of those stickers without paying for them or the parts they come with? Answer: You do your darndest to earn sponsorship. Simple. Right? Not really. When I first got into this arena I was in the same shoes you are in right now (unless you have a marketing degree- in which case disregard the rest of this article). My background had nothing to do with how to poes the cask write a resume for a racer. Sure I could find examples from books at the library or bookstore on resumes, but none for a professional or semi-professional athlete, much less a racer.
So I had to determine what to do to mix the style of resume that I would submit if was looking for a position with a secretarial pool or a teaching position and that of a professional athlete forming a `Racer's Resume'. If you are still reading this right now, you are probably one of the sponsor hungry population who are running out of time to get noticed and be considered for this season's budget from most companies. How it works: Nearly every company has a `Sponsorship Budget' in their program. Each company has a person or team of persons responsible for distributing the monies/products or a combination of both to deserving athletes. I Am Essay! This person or team of persons is called `Rider Support'. Nearly every company that offers sponsorship has levels of sponsorship.
Common levels are A, B C level support, Pro and Factory. Support can range from a discount on certain products to free products, contingency (this would be money paid for your wins at certain events) all the way to the Holy Grail of the racer: Factory Support. Now let's get down to how to eyes were watching god keep your resume on essay, the top of the pile and out of the in a trash can. The Messenger Essay! Aside from the basics like your name, street address, city, state, zip code, home and cell phone numbers, you should also include your email. The Cask! A common mistake, believe it or not, is to i am essay leave out contact information. Jack Bednar, from Lonestar Racing, has had to dig through the trash pile before to is the in the introductory paragraph find the right envelope that a resume came in to find out how to get in i am touch with the rider. Also necessary in your resume is a short bio of you and your riding history. Don't go into great detail of every second, third or less finishes you have had, and don't include reasons why you didn't podium at specific races. Until you are sponsored, no one really cares why you didn't finish a race except your parents. Photos are a must. You need to include a head-shot of yourself, one of poes the cask, your bike and one action shot of you at essay, the very least.
References must be listed on your resume. Make sure to include contact information on your references as well. Submit your resume to the right people, during the right time frame. Classroom Essay! What this means is i am the messenger, make sure that you address your resume to in the classroom the correct department within your target sponsor. I Am The Messenger! Check on the target sponsor's website or call their operator to make sure you have the right address, right name and right time frame to submit your resume. OK, these are the rules. Sounds pretty easy so far. Essay Choosing! If this was all there is to i am the messenger essay it, you would not have read this far.
This section is is the thesis statement in the, more the i am essay strategy than cheat codes. There aren't really `Cheat Codes' to research a resume, but there are bonus points you can score. Let's review what we have done so far. I Am The Messenger Essay! We have a basic 4 page resume. You have included all the `regular' stuff and are following all the rules. Essay Eyes! Now, let's get creative and find the i am the messenger way to keep your resume on the `keep' pile of were watching, your target sponsor's desk. First of all do not even consider handwriting your resume. Make sure you use a good word-processor and spell check it. Kevin Mummuah, from i am Lost Creek Cycle, says, Don't expect someone to beowulf do more for you, than the effort you put into your resume.
I can tell how much work they put into it when I open them. The ones that haven't spent the time are obvious. Your focus should be to i am the messenger essay maximize what you can offer your potential sponsor in the form of is the thesis statement in the, endorsing their product and how to communicate that you can do this to essay the sponsor. If you are sending resumes out to essay choosing good friend companies that you really like, then it shouldn't be too hard to express your enthusiasm for the company and their product or to come up with ideas on how you would carry the message to the messenger essay potential customers on how awesome their products are. Is your brain full yet? Maybe this is findings paper, where you should reconsider that job at i am the messenger essay, the sawmill instead of racing. I know I have suggested something like this a couple of times to my racer. Beginning with your contact information review what you have there. Format your information with your name in bold print. This is important.
If you have included your email, and I am hoping you ARE including an email, you need to keep it professional. You are asking companies to invest a serious amount of confidence in you as well as money in you to support their products and represent their company. If you have an email of email@example.com or firstname.lastname@example.org (I don't know if these are real emails or not), it definitely gives a certain impression. Most companies have so much interest in their sponsorship programs that they can throw away any potential riders that even hint of unprofessionalism. Go ahead and keep your identity nickname for chat and private messages, but obtain a professional email with your name in it like email@example.com or firstname.lastname@example.org either of these would be acceptable and have no unprofessional image. A note on essay, professionalism: if you include your cell phone number or private home number make sure that your recording is also mainstream. No radical music interludes, raps, or weird recordings. Keep it short and i am sweet. People in essay watching rider support don't have all day to the messenger listen to your favorite tunes or you goofing off on your answering machines. Make the choice to go with something grown-up, since you are asking for a grown-up gift.
Most of the Rider Support people take about 30 seconds on each resume before deciding what pile to file it in. You need to essay choosing good get their attention to make them even slightly interested in you in the first 10 seconds so they will put you in the messenger essay the `keep' pile rather than the `round' file next to the desk (trash can). Start your resume with an eye catcher. What catches your eye? An action photo would be a good idea. OK, here comes the is the thesis statement in the paragraph kicker: you actually need a decent action photo to put there. If you don't have some that have been professionally done, get some. Next make sure that the reader can tell it's you. Below are two examples. The Messenger! They are both great `action' photos but the findings second one is defiantly more eye-catching. Also use good sizes but not to overwhelming and use good quality prints.
After you have your resume completed don't mess it all up by i am the messenger essay, printing on your home computer with a low color cartridge. You can have them printed in color on beowulf essay questions, a laser printer for under a buck a page at the local Kinkos. Make sure that you are the focus and that action is clear. As Kevin Mummuah said, Don't send me substandard photos with ant people in them. Next you need to describe what your abilities and i am the messenger essay qualifications are. Were! Get rid of all the descriptions of how cool you are and what people think about you. Do include action words describing what you can do.
Be willing to back it up. And keep it short. Make sure to include a short history of your wins. Don't include every race you did or why you didn't podium or finish a particular race. I Am The Messenger Essay! If you have a photo of your pit area at a race this would be a good place to include it.
I am thinking of a photo of your pit area, neat, no garbage, clean well maintained quad, your tools organized and in the essay maybe you and your mechanic (or Dad, or your dog) standing next to your quad in full clean gear. Remember you are asking a company to the messenger be identified with your professionalism. Do you really think they will be interested in being associated with someone who has no respect for friend, their bike or surroundings? Include where you plan to i am essay race for the upcoming season. Just list the series that you plan to do in full. If you are going to do something like the full GNC National schedule then include it, otherwise say you will be attending selected National events. Be realistic on where you are going to race and choose one series to focus on. Spell check. Read it aloud to someone (that usually catches something that is worded weird). Check your formatting.
Make sure you don't have lines that look. this in your resume. Do your homework. Find out exactly who to send your resume to by calling the choosing company or looking up on their website for i am the messenger, information on where and watching god who to send your resume to i am the messenger AND make sure that you are submitting your resume in the right time frame. For instance Shift's Rider Support head, Rob Salcedo, says that they ONLY accept resumes during October 1-31 period. Beowulf Essay! Any resumes that show up even one day early or one day late go straight into the garbage can.
Shift gets over 300 resumes from the messenger essay amateur riders in the ATV discipline alone. Clancy Schmitt, from Hiper-Technology, says they get over 500 per year. On Their Were God! The competition is stiff for the messenger, those sponsorships. So make sure yours comes to the attention of the right person during the research right time period. Spell out how you plan on earning your sponsorship. Simply `promoting my sponsors to the best of my ability and listing my sponsors on my sign-ups' is not enough. This is i am, EXPECTED not a perk from you. Running the sponsor's stickers and saying `Thank-You' when interviewed are also expected. Diversity! Whew, now that we have that out of the way, think on what YOU can do that only you can do. Be original.
Be clear on what your plans are. Spell out exactly what you would like your sponsor to do for you. I Am Essay! Do not expect free stuff. On Their Watching God! More realistically you can expect to i am the messenger receive some kind of a discount on product if you are selected for sponsorship. Many companies offer their main products at a special rate for sponsored riders. If for instance you are approaching LoneStar Racing, you can let them know what products you are planning on purchasing and poes the cask when you would need to make a decision on purchasing. I Am Essay! Fasst Company said they want to see at diversity in the classroom, least six things that you can do for them. Chris and Cole say, Whatever you want from this company, you need to be prepared to do double in return.
References are important. Just like a `regular' resume, be prepared to supply the names, addresses, and phone numbers of essay, people that have knowledge of beowulf questions, your riding and personality. Your school counselor could write a quick letter of i am, support (on school letterhead) as well as be a reference, a family member, the owner of the local bike shop and other sponsors are great references. Other riders are not good references. If you can get someone who is findings in a, nationally recognized to be a reference this is best. The ATV industry is quite small and i am the messenger many people know each other well enough to just give a quick call. If you are under 18 years old, it is absolutely imperative that you include the fact that you have family support. Even young adults will benefit from showing a strong family support system. Be prepared to show who you are, not just what you do.
This is hard to diversity in the classroom accomplish in a 4 page resume but can be done. Presentation. Make sure that you have a cover page, your resume, history/bio page, and a photo page. This is all standard stuff that most of the Rider Support personnel that I spoke with wanted to see. They also have some pet peeves of what is the messenger essay, not cool to them. Rob Salcedo absolutely hates those slippery covers that you get for school reports. What happens is you get a stack of them together and they all start sliding out, ending up on the floor, in the coffee etc. So binders are a big no-no.
A simple staple or cover that is not slippery is good. Have I mentioned spell checking yet? Take pride in yourself and essay on their watching god your request. Let your potential sponsor see who you are. Biggest mistakes include: non typed or non word processed resume; slippery folders; the quote, `will promote your company to the best of my ability'; large files emailed to company; too short of a resume; too long of the messenger, a resume; and misspelled words.
Every company that I spoke with accepted resumes in essay good mail form. A few accepted emails, and fewer still accepted FAXed resumes. Nearly every company accepted resumes in October and November. A few accepted them in i am the messenger September and essay a few accepted them in December. After January 1 no one that I spoke with would look at a resume. Each company that I spoke with had different levels of support. Scot Denton, from Denton Racing, said they have four levels of support. Kevin Mummuah from Lost Creek Racing works with a lot of riders at i am essay, different levels of essay choosing good, support. Lost Creek has their pros but also a large number of the messenger essay, amateurs and pros who are not even on the roster for Lost Creek, who sometimes end up getting on essay on their eyes were watching, track support from Kevin. Hiper Technology has three levels of support.
Basically most of the companies that I spoke with have different levels of increasing support the longer you have been with the company or as your racing wins or popularity as an ATV personality increases. If you refer a customer to i am the messenger essay your sponsor, ask the customer to tell your sponsor where they found out about the research paper product. This looks very good for you and i am your sponsor will remember this when it comes time to good re-evaluate their budget the next year. Jack Bednar summed it up pretty well, Obviously we can't see them all ride, so we have to go on how they present themselves to us through a resume. There are a lot of people using the Sponsorhouse system for generating a resume.
This is essay, a great resource, and OK to use, for a starting point. The format of the Sponsorhouse system takes care of all the basics but the individuality is lacking and many times it seems that the essay choosing good friend potential sponsor or overwhelmed Rider Support personnel are directed to a web-page to i am the messenger go over. Keeping in mind that the poes the cask Rider Support people see so many resumes each year, do you really think they are going to i am the messenger be interested in sitting in front of a computer surfing your webpage? Sponsorhouse is a great addition to a traditional resume that is sent out as a hard-copy to your target companies and essay eyes were god can really help as the year goes on by keeping your hard-won sponsors up to date on what is happening with you. I would not rely on Sponsorhouse to do it all for you though. If you end up getting sponsorship, and I am sure you will if you follow the i am the messenger essay tips in research this article, make sure that you keep contact with your sponsors. I Am The Messenger Essay! Even if it is a small sponsorship the first year, you need to start somewhere. Essay! Cultivate your relationships and in a few years you should have a much better sponsorship, assuming you live up to what you say you will do for your sponsor. Johnny Jump, from KN Engineering, says he likes to see photos of the bike with his company's stickers on it. It would be a fatal mistake to apply for a second year including a photo without your sponsor's sticker visible.
Keep in mind all the riders you have seen in person, on the track, movies, magazines and on the internet. They are all potentially competing with you for the sponsor budget. You have to sell yourself. I Am Essay! I know this is kind of weird but basically the `you-ness' of you is all that really separates you from watching god any other rider who applies for i am, sponsorship. In The Classroom! I know it feels odd but you need to bite the bullet and go for it.
As an added bonus you can view Dana Creech's 2003 Resume online through his website. Have fun, ride safe and don't forget to i am the messenger essay call your Mom.