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Build Your Construction Resume with Keywords. Did you know that making one change to prompts for persuasive middle school your could improve your chances of job search success? Adding keywords will help get your resume noticed and english romeo, expose you to prompts for persuasive middle more job opportunities. Keywords are terms that hiring managers enter when searching for resumes on Monster. Resume Reviewer. If your resume contains keywords that match those a potential employer is searching for, you have a much better chance of essays being found. Of Domestic Violence. Your keywords continue to prompts for persuasive be helpful when an direct essay actual hiring manager reviews your resume, showing that person you have the for persuasive essays school, desired qualifications for the job. In The Essay. Keywords can be categorized as follows: Job titles, especially the one you are pursuing. Job-specific skills and knowledge areas.
Soft skills (such as team player or leadership skills) Tools, equipment and prompts essays school, technical applications. English Gcse Essays. Industry credentials, such as certifications, licenses, training and essays middle school, degrees. Affiliations and union membership. Keywords can appear anywhere on your resume. Use the resume reviewer, Skills section on prompts school your Monster resume to include a comprehensive list of want essay skill-related keywords. Think like a hiring manager: If you were hiring someone with your background, what credentials would you look for? A helpful exercise is to search for for persuasive your target job on Monster and democracy, review the postings that come up. Look for prompts frequently requested skills, licenses and male victims of domestic case studies, other useful keywords. The following are sample keywords for prompts for persuasive essays middle school various construction specialties.
The lists are not exhaustive, as the keywords you should add to your resume depend on english romeo your experience and prompts middle, skills. Synthesis. Use the lists as a starting point for for persuasive school determining important keywords you can integrate into your own resume: Keywords Related to All Trades. Modern World Essay. Soft Skills: Professionalism, results-driven, self-starter, goal-oriented, team player, communication skills, interpersonal skills, multi-tasker, honest, organized, dependable, punctual, leader, customer service. Prompts For Persuasive School. Construction-Specific: Valid driver#39;s license, own hand/power tools, safe and clean working environment, regulatory and english essays, safety compliance (OSHA, ADA, UBC, HAZMAT), equipment maintenance, available for travel and flexible shifts. Essays Middle. Bricklayer: Certified bricklayer, mason, brickmason, blockmason, stonemason, tuckpointer, interior/exterior wall layout and construction, mortar selection, mortar preparation, installation of insulation in male case studies, masonry walls, radial brick laying, stone laying for industrial/residential chimneys, firebrick application to for persuasive essays chimneys and smokestacks, acid-resistant brick application to want to travel kilns and tanks, precision stone cutting, precision brick cutting, precision block cutting, masonry materials handling/cutting, masonry structure reinforcement, brick alignment, foundation wall layout and essays middle, construction, chimney and fireplace layout and construction, layout/construction of resume reviewer grouted reinforced masonry walls, pavement and prompts for persuasive essays, patio layout and construction, refractory brick and male of domestic case studies, mortar materials. Carpenter: Construction carpenter, bench carpenter, rough carpenter, carpenter#39;s helper, carpenter assistant, lead carpenter, journeyman carpenter, finish carpenter, framing carpenter, general construction, restoration and remodeling, facility maintenance, residential construction, commercial construction, framing, interior/exterior finishing, blueprint reading, cabinetmaking, finish carpentry, commercial flooring, concrete flatwork, painting, construction quality assurance, reading construction plans, tile installation, floor installation, cabinet installation, construction repair, window-frame and door fitting/installation, building foundation preparation, beam/girder/footing form installation, roof construction, wall and for persuasive, ceiling covering application, trim/door/baseboard/molding installation, wall/ceiling/flooring erection and in the world essay, insulation, materials selection/cutting/shaping. Construction Manager: Construction supervisor, construction project manager, project superintendent, construction foreman, assistant construction supervisor, project management, commercial construction, industrial construction, residential construction, construction supervisor#39;s license, plan reading, Work Breakdown Structures (WBS), ground-up projects, subcontractor recruitment/supervision, enforcement of codes and essays, safety regulations, structural engineering drawings, job site supervision safety, project estimating/bidding, workflow project scheduling, Critical Path Methods (CPMs), project funding, materials ordering, budgeting pro-formas, quality control, architectural design, blueprint reading, land acquisition, MS Project, AutoCAD. Construction Worker/Laborer: Construction laborer, construction helper, general laborer, heavy construction projects, construction machines and direct essay, tools, construction site cleaning and prep, demolition, backfill excavations, scaffolding building, asbestos removal, propane/oxygen/acetylene torches, heavy machinery operation, cement mixer, forklifts, backhoes, cranes, cable trucks, hydra-lift trucks, haul trucks, use of prompts for persuasive essays levels, repetitive heavy lifting.
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How Do I Hate NPR? Let Me Count the Ways. Every few years I make an anthropological visit to my sister's home out west. My sister—her name is withheld to protect the guilty—is a lifelong bureaucrat who's never worked for essays middle, anyone who had to romeo and juliet essays, show a profit, and she is deeply suspicious of the whole concept. She'll drive miles across the city to poke through the out-of-copyright videotapes at the public library rather than spend two bucks to rent one at school, the Blockbuster down the street. She regards any financial transaction between two parties not employed by the government as vaguely shady, if not downright illicit. Needless to say, she listens to National Public Radio. Every morning that I stay at development of science world, her house, I'm awakened at 6 AM by the droning baritone of for persuasive essays school, Bob Edwards, the victims violence case studies, anchor of prompts essays, Morning Edition . The program stays on until 8:30, when my sister dashes to her car and switches it on there to listen to case studies, the final half hour on her way to work.
And in the afternoon I usually have to leave the house to avoid being driven to homicide by the discordant tinkling of the All Things Considered theme, which echoes from prompts essays, her radio from 5 PM to 6:30. Of course, lots of gcse romeo essays, people have favorite news programs. I don't think my father missed more than half-a-dozen telecasts of The Huntley-Brinkley Report in essays his entire life. But what moves my sister's obsession with NPR from the mildly eccentric to the downright bizarre is that it's her sole source of news. She never watches network television news, and she'll tune in essay a local program only when she knows it's running a story about prompts for persuasive middle school one of her bureaucratic projects. She subscribes to a local paper, but only for the arts listings. This has led to some grave disappointments in my sister's life. She is still perplexed that the ERA didn't make it into the Constitution, since, she told me, NPR reported that the election of Jimmy Carter made it a sure thing.
And she was dumbfounded when the Christic Institute's lawsuit, which alleged that the gcse romeo and juliet essays, entire national security apparatus of the U.S. Prompts For Persuasive. government was nothing more than a drug ring, was dismissed by a federal judge before coming to ap language synthesis essay, trial. For Persuasive School. NPR, she said, had made it all sound so reasonable. (The fact that the of science world, suit was filed by essays middle an NPR stringer, to my sister's way of thinking, only the world essay, confirmed its validity.) Once in essays school a while, I gently hint to my sister that her worldview might be slightly better rounded if she would acknowledge that perhaps Linda Wertheimer is not the resume reviewer, final authority on everything under the sun. My suggestions are always met with scorn. You can get your news from giant corporations if you want to, she snaps. For Persuasive Middle School. I'd rather get mine from people who aren't motivated by profit. I'd rather get my news from people who think like me. For a long time I considered my sister a harmless aberration—an upscale version of the guys you occasionally read about who think they get secret messages from Elvis through their fillings. But as the years have passed, I've met more and more people who share her fetish for NPR.
In fact, NPR itself likes to brag about the cultish devotion of its listeners. The network's 1991 annual report includes letters from a number of hopelessly fixated groupies who regard NPR roughly the resume reviewer, same way John Hinckley regarded Jodie Foster. For Persuasive Essays Middle. One listener boasts that he and his wife recently drove from direct democracy, Buckhannon, West Virginia, to Portland, Oregon, and back, listening to NPR every foot of the 6,500 miles. Another, from Randolph, Massachusetts, flatly declares: If I am informed at prompts for persuasive school, all about anything current, it is because I listen to NPR. With my sister, these listeners share the direct democracy essay, peculiar belief that they're better informed because they obtain all their information from a single source—that exposing themselves to an alternative would not only not add to prompts middle school, their knowledge, but would actually subtract from it. Most NPR listeners, I'm sure, wouldn't trust an economist who bragged that he accepted only the scholarship of Milton Friedman, or a politician who read only the works of Lenin. But somehow they think their own understanding of the world is democracy essay enhanced by basing it exclusively on a news organization that labors in prompts for persuasive school an antiquated, one-dimensional medium and gcse romeo and juliet, whose entire staff wouldn't fill the essays, city room at to travel the world essay, the New York Times . This is something of a mystery—that highly educated, well-to-do people (for that is what NPR's listeners are, mostly) would adopt the kind of intellectual isolationism that we would ordinarily associate with survivalist cults holed up in prompts middle the Ozarks. Resume Reviewer. Like survivalists, NPR listeners are not exactly numerous—There are more people falling off the face of the earth than there are listening to for persuasive essays school, NPR, observes Bill McCleneghan, ABC Radio's vice president for research—but, like survivalists, their very existence is a troubling enigma. You always have to wonder: Do they know something the male violence case studies, rest of us don't? Recently I decided to get to prompts for persuasive essays school, the bottom of this. I became an resume reviewer undercover NPR listener.
To my family and friends, I kept up a facade of prompts for persuasive middle, normality, reading my regular newspapers and watching television news. Direct. But, in the privacy of my bedroom, away from the prompts middle school, world's prying eyes, I got up every morning at 6 and listened to all three hours of Morning Edition (the length of the program varies from market to market). And every afternoon at 5 I mixed a stiff drink and settled in for 90 minutes of of science in the essay, All Things Considered . My conclusion: I'd rather be a survivalist. YOU DON'T HAVE TO BE TED KENNEDY TO LISTEN TO NPR, BUT IT HELPS. The charge that NPR's newscasts have a leftward spin goes clear back to the network's origin in 1970. Just two years later, Richard Nixon, angered by for persuasive middle school what he perceived as programming bias at NPR and its television cousins at the Public Broadcasting Service, vetoed their appropriations.
He later reversed his decision, to the eternal dismay of conservatives, who've been braying about NPR ever since. Every time I turn on NPR, I think I'm listening to the Democratic National Committee, Bob Dole complained last year. Nixon and Dole, of course, are hardly arbiters of english gcse and juliet essays, political neutrality. But the truth is that you don't have to be a graduate of the Spiro Agnew School of Korrect Journalism to recognize a persistent liberal bias in NPR newscasts. The evidence is all over the place, and for persuasive essays middle, it doesn't take a microscope to find it. Take, for essay, example, NPR's coverage of the battle over Bill Clinton's $16 billion economic stimulus package. During the week I listened (April 12 to 16), this was a hot topic. Readers of the New York Times , the Washington Post , and just about every other newspaper in America knew that Senate Republicans had—against all expectations—stuck together in maintaining a filibuster against the bill, and that it was in serious trouble. But I'll bet my sister and her friends had no idea. All week, NPR portrayed an indomitable Bill Clinton riding a tidal wave of public support against a faceless and—more importantly, in the context of radio—voiceless Republican rabble.
During the first three days of the essays school, week, NPR ran 11 stories on Clinton's campaign for the package, all of them centered around speeches by the president or Al Gore. Direct Essay. For three full days their voices echoed over the NPR airwaves, accusing Republicans of fighting to withhold immunizations from poor children and of being antiprogress. Often their sound bites were followed by the comments of NPR reporters, adding that audiences were enthusiastic or the president's message struck a nerve. For good measure, there was an interview with Cokie Roberts, noted NPR expert on you-name-it, in which she allowed as how there's more than a little racism in prompts for persuasive essays middle anyone who opposes aid to cities. And senior news analyst Daniel Schorr urged Clinton to stand up in the name of principle and tell those dirty partisan Republicans: No more Mr. Nice Guy. This is your president speaking.
And where was the english gcse romeo, Republican rebuttal to all this? Well, it wasn't to be found on prompts essays, NPR. Want The World Essay. It wasn't until the afternoon of April 15, the fourth day that I listened to the network, that I heard a Republican voice on the subject of the essays middle school, filibuster. And even then, it was a Republican analyst apparently conceding that the filibuster would probably collapse, but insisting it was a moral victory nonetheless. The theme of english and juliet essays, reporter Elizabeth Arnold's story was that Republicans had taken advantage of the fact that Clinton had been briefly distracted by the death of school, his father-in-law. (Those bounders!) But the candidate whose discipline seldom faltered during a tumultuous election year is back on gcse and juliet, solid footing, Arnold reassured her listeners. The next morning she offered more comfort: President Clinton may have stumbled a bit . . . Prompts For Persuasive School. but he's not ready to take a legislative fall. Actually, he was; the White House was already offering desperate compromises to moderate Republicans in hopes of salvaging some of the democracy essay, stimulus package, and in prompts middle less than a week it would be stone-cold dead. NPR took a similarly partisan course in coverage of another of the week's big stories, the discovery of a document in Soviet archives stating that the resume reviewer, North Vietnamese held back several hundred American POWs when the prompts middle school, two countries signed a peace treaty in 1973.
All week, NPR stories quoted anonymous congressional staffers expressing doubts about the authenticity of the document. Fair enough; there are a lot of troublesome questions about to travel essay its origin and contents. On the other hand, there are also highly qualified people who argue that the document is genuine, including Zbigniew Brzezinski. And the prompts essays middle, Harvard researcher who found it, Stephen Morris, was in New York, where the New York Times , the Washington Times , and ABC's Nightline all managed to find him. But NPR either couldn't find him or couldn't be bothered to confront him. Instead they ran sound bites of Morris and Republican senator Robert Smith that had been taped off a Nightline broadcast two nights earlier. Theirs were the of science in the world essay, only voices that appeared on the radio all week in support of the document's authenticity. Although NPR couldn't track down any sources of their own to back up Morris, reporter John Greenberg did manage to find someone to impugn him.
Greenberg interviewed John McAuliff of the middle school, U.S.-Indochina Reconciliation Project, who dismissed the document as a fake because Morris has been involved in direct essay an active polemic against people who favor normalization of relations [between Vietnam and the U.S.]. . . . He has a viewpoint. Now, if Greenberg had called some conservative think tank or political organization, he might have gotten an additional comment that sounded something like this: John McAuliff has been involved in for persuasive middle licking the boots of Vietnamese communists for more than two decades, first as a prominent antiwar activist and now as a professional apologist, and of course he can't accept the document because it would prove that, for all these years, he's either been hopelessly stupid or willfully deceptive in his depiction of the Hanoi government. Want Essay. He has a viewpoint. Do you think Greenberg made that phone call? Do you think pigs have wings?
In the NPR dialectic, only anticommunists are suspected of partiality. So the broadcast made no mention at essays middle, all of McAuliff's background. Similarly, when Robert Siegel interviewed Eugene Terre Blanche, the ap language essay, head of South Africa's Afrikaner Resistance Movement, he introduced him as a right-wing extremist. (Accurate, even mild.) But during the interview, Siegel referred to Chris Hani, the recently murdered head of the South African Communist Party, only as a popular black public figure. (Especially misleading because it appears Hani was killed less because of his race than because of his party affiliation.) You might think that after two decades of middle, threats from male victims studies, Republicans to prompts middle school, lay waste to NPR, its reporters (or their editors, if such exist, which I doubt from the windiness of some of the pieces) would at least make an effort to be more circumspect about coloring their stories. But it doesn't seem to work that way. Several times I heard them tripped up by their own reporting. Want To Travel The World. For instance, one morning reporter Kathy Lohr filed a story about the prompts for persuasive essays middle, Operation Rescue training camp in Florida, where antiabortion protesters learn the tricks of essay, their trade. Lohr solemnly informed her listeners that the camp's executive director teaches antiabortion troops not to use their own name when gathering information about doctors who work in abortion clinics.
But the sound bite from the executive director himself didn't quite square with her interpretation: It's just better if they don't know who's asking for the information. We can surprise them with information a lot better that way, and prompts essays middle, they can't go back and try to cover their trail. English Gcse Essays. So that's important. Prompts For Persuasive Essays. Use other people that aren't as well-known as you may be. (Emphasis added.) Assigning lesser-known members of the group to gather information is a far cry from doing it under a false name.
Ethically speaking, it doesn't even strike me as a close call. And I'll bet that if Lohr were reporting on how prochoice people sometimes infiltrate antiabortion groups to gather information for lawsuits, she wouldn't have condemned the male violence case, practice. Sometimes NPR reporters were so thoroughly contradicted by their own stories that it was downright funny. My favorite was a story about Clinton and the news media by Andy Bowers. The thesis of the for persuasive middle, piece was that the first few months of the Clinton administration seem to have strained the direct essay, bond between the people and the press because reporters have been so rough on prompts school, Clinton. To prove it, Bowers interviewed some residents of Jefferson City, Missouri. Said the first one: Media is doing their typical bashing the guy in charge, like always. It's nice to see them do it to a Democrat. Chimed in another: They baby him.
They follow him around, they really don't challenge him. Added a third: I don't believe George Bush in romeo his first 100 days made near as many people mad as Bill Clinton. Yup, it sounds like the citizens of Jefferson City are just about ready to storm the offices of the TV networks with torches and prompts for persuasive essays middle, pitchforks, demanding fair play for development in the modern essay, Clinton. Lest there be any confusion, Bowers interviewed University of Missouri journalism professor George Kennedy. Prompts For Persuasive Essays Middle. He explained just what those untutored Jefferson City louts, with their poor command of English, were really trying to say: There's a fairly widely held sense in the public that there really ought to victims of domestic case studies, be a kind of honeymoon, that simple fairness dictates that the new president ought to have a chance to get his program up and running before we start picking it apart. (I wonder if Kennedy thinks the public was well served when the news media let the Vietnam war get up and prompts essays school, running before asking any tough questions.) By the end of his report, even Bowers seemed hopelessly confused by what he was trying to say. He quoted a Los Angeles Times poll showing that two-thirds of those responding think the development in the modern essay, press is too chummy with the government. And there were more quotes from Jefferson City. There's so much we don't know that goes on over there [in Washington], said one.
The only way a reporter is gonna get on for persuasive middle, the inside is by playing the game, declared another. It sounds to me like what Jefferson City wants is development of science in the modern world not a honeymoon but a divorce. Laurence Jarvik, a conservative critic of public broadcasting, once asked plaintively: Why is it that there's room at NPR for a practicing witch, but not a practicing conservative? (By the way, this was not—as the uncharitable might have suspected—a reference to Nina Totenberg, but to reporter Margot Adler, who actually casts spells and prompts for persuasive essays school, stuff like that.) This, I suspect, has a good deal to do with the ideological drift of ap language, NPR's news. Prompts Middle. It's not that the network's editorial brain trust meets each morning to plot the day's campaign to rid America of Republican taint. It's that the newsroom is composed almost entirely of like-minded people who share one another's major philosophical precepts. When my sister says that she wants to hear news from people who think like me, she's put her finger on the problem. Their thinking is apparent in ap language synthesis both what they report and their approach to it. For Persuasive Essays Middle. They believe that government is the fundamental agent of change, that government can and should solve most problems. They believe most of english romeo and juliet, those solutions involve spending large sums of money.
They believe that taxes are not only an appropriate way of raising money, but an prompts middle important social responsibility. Development World Essay. They believe that, although individuals cannot always be trusted to make correct choices, bureaucrats usually can. In short, NPR reporters are the kinds of people who voted for Michael Dukakis and Bill Clinton, not as the lesser evils but enthusiastically, in the firm belief that what the world needs is essays better social engineering. Their umbilical attachment to the state is most clearly visible when it comes to stories concerning taxation. NPR reporters will have their eyes put out with red-hot pokers before they'll question the sanctity of resume reviewer, a tax—any tax. Consider a story filed by Daniel Zwerdling, NPR's correspondent in prompts for persuasive essays school Nairobi. Kenya's government is close to gcse romeo, going bankrupt, Zwerdling said by way of for persuasive essays middle school, introduction.
Hospitals can't afford to buy medicines. The national telephone system is breaking down. Schools can't afford to buy benches, so children sit on the floor. And when you call the police to resume reviewer, tell them thieves are breaking into middle school your house, the police say they can't help you unless you give them a ride because they don't have cars. And why is Kenya broke? One root of the problem is that most of the people who are supposed to ap language essay, pay taxes never do, Zwerdling explained. And it must be the most important root, in his eyes, because he never identified another. Prompts For Persuasive Essays Middle School. The rest of the story was about romeo essays a new tax-collection system that has been blocked by Kenyan president Daniel arap Moi. In point of actual fact, Kenya ought to be able to make its government work without collecting a shilling in taxes. Until recently the country was getting a staggering $1 billion a year in essays middle Western aid, which ought to have covered the entire Kenyan budget with money left over for doughnuts all around.
But in 1991 the donor nations began cutting back because of the breathtaking waste and theft that go on in Kenya's 300 or so state-owned industries. (One particularly nimble Kenyan kleptocrat, former energy minister Nicholas Biwott, is estimated by ap language essay the British government to have made off with hundreds of middle school, millions of dollars all by to travel himself.) Ask any foreign diplomat or independent economist in Nairobi for essays school, the top five reasons the Kenyan economy is crumbling, and tax collection will be at the bottom of the list—if it's mentioned at all. Development Modern World. But at NPR it leads the prompts for persuasive middle school, hit parade. If NPR reporters were scandalized by want to travel the world the reluctance of Kenyan cattle herders to keep funding London penthouses for that nation's thieving rulers, then imagine how they feel about comparatively affluent Americans who try to beat the tax system. As April 15 approached, NPR correspondents foamed at the mouth about the prompts for persuasive essays school, dire consequences of tax evasion. In North Carolina, NPR reported, the government will put your name in the paper.
In Virginia they'll put it on television. And stiffing Uncle Sam (who, coincidentally, funds NPR's sugar daddies at the Corporation for Public Broadcasting)—well, don't even think about want to travel essay it. If you plan to miss the deadline or try to do some fancy paper shuffling on deductions, warned All Things Considered host Linda Wertheimer in her sternest voice, you may want to think again. Her warning was somewhat undercut by the interview that followed, in which a Forbes editor said the IRS only prompts middle school, audits 1 percent of all tax returns. But Wertheimer did perk up considerably when the in the world essay, editor agreed that if they [the IRS] catch you, they can kill you. What do you mean? inquired Wertheimer excitedly. Middle School. Her enthusiasm dampened only resume reviewer, slightly upon learning that the prompts school, word kill had been used metaphorically.
To their credit, NPR reporters do seem to have a vague notion that some Americans don't share their zeal for taxes. So when the White House floated a trial balloon suggesting that Clinton is resume reviewer considering a value-added tax (VAT), they tried to prompts essays, soften the ap language synthesis, blow. Bob Edwards interviewed NPR reporter Patricia Neighmond about how the prompts school, VAT works. After she explained that it entails taxing each and every step of a product's manufacture, Edwards observed that as the taxes mounted, there would be an increasingly higher price on the product. Well, it would seem so, Neighmond replied, apparently holding out some hope that friendly emissaries from the planet Zork would swoop down and pay the taxes, sparing earthlings the essays, pain. Later that day, on essays school, All Things Considered , Daniel Schorr carefully instructed his listeners that they shouldn't blame Clinton for ap language synthesis essay, the VAT.
The fact is for persuasive essays middle that, having in February rejected the idea of want to travel essay, a VAT tax, Mr. Clinton is being forced to consider it again, Schorr affirmed. Prompts For Persuasive Essays School. Alas, this raised more questions than it answered. Who, exactly, was forcing the president? Did Hillary have her cattle prod out again? Was Janet Reno threatening to send FBI agents over to the White House to practice Texas fire drills? Schorr, obviously constrained by national security concerns, wouldn't say. But, he consoled, the VAT has its charms. What makes it attractive, he noted, is what has made it attractive to European countries and Canada. Here the ap language synthesis, veteran reporter was clearly the victim of a technical glitch. What he was trying to say was, what has made it attractive to middle school, European countries and Canada, compared to being sodomized by a herd of rabid camels.
As the next morning's Post reported, It would be hard to find a person, institution or program in Canada that is essay hated more [than the VAT]. Undaunted, Schorr continued: On the prompts for persuasive middle school, plus side, a value-added tax could raise so much money that it might be possible to offer cuts in other taxes. As he spoke, I could almost hear a sigh of relief echoing from development of science essay, Takoma Park and the rest of the NPR ghettos around Washington. Schorr had saved the day. Most estimates have put the maximum potential revenue from the VAT at around $68 billion. Prompts For Persuasive. Meanwhile, estimates of the cost of Hillary's new health program (which is what the VAT is supposed to fund) range anywhere from resume reviewer, $100 billion to prompts for persuasive essays middle school, $150 billion.
Only a steel-trap mind like Schorr's could have performed the complex mathematical functions necessary to turn a $30 billion shortfall into a tax-cutting surplus. Literally no subject is safe from NPR's love affair with taxes. Synthesis Essay. Even a piece on prompts for persuasive middle, how name-brand products are losing market share to generics ended with a wild (and, of ap language synthesis essay, course, unanswered) tirade by an antismoking Nazi demanding a 40-cents-a-pack tax on cigarettes. The flip side of prompts for persuasive middle, taxation is subsidy, and NPR reporters never question the need for that, either. I listened in male victims of domestic case studies amazement to a story by Dan Charles on prompts school, a new half-billion-dollar handout to military contractors to convert them into civilian industries. World. It sounded like a piece on for persuasive essays school, some kind of arts-and-crafts program for resume reviewer, retarded kids, with arms merchants bubbling on about how they were learning to make golf clubs instead of missile launchers. Not once did it occur to Charles to ask a simple question: If it's in the economic interest of these companies to convert anyway, then why should the government pay them to do it?
The reason he didn't ask, I'm sure, is that he shares the belief of technocrats that economies and societies, deprived of adult supervision, will quickly devolve into chaos and bedlam. Social engineers view the world as a huge Skinner box through which they must guide us pigeons with little rewards and prompts essays middle, penalties. It's a vision enthusiastically shared by NPR reporters, who react with ill-concealed horror at any suggestion that the ap language essay, pigeons might seize control of the laboratory. One of the most telling moments of my ordeal-by-NPR came while Linda Wertheimer was interviewing a computer developer on what will happen when computers are linked into televisions—the so-called intelligent TV. He predicted the prompts for persuasive school, development of ap language essay, literally hundreds of new interactive television networks and prompts for persuasive middle, services that would give the individual TV viewer an english gcse and juliet incredible amount of prompts for persuasive essays middle school, power to program for synthesis, their own tastes rather than have to rely on these programming guys. Replied a perturbed Wertheimer: Is there any way we can dodge this bullet? The idea that the government might impede rather than advance societal development is prompts essays middle school utterly alien to NPR. One morning I listened as John McChesney reported the announcement that the giant cable company TCI would spend $2 billion to build a broad-band fiber-optic communications network—the data superhighway that will permit the development of the intelligent TV. McChesney made the astonishing assertion that TCI was undertaking the project not because of the incalculable billions of dollars in of science modern world essay profits it may generate, but because of Bill Clinton's aggressive promotion of an information infrastructure. In fact, the private sector has been trying for some time to get the federal government to permit the essays middle school, creation of a data superhighway. MCI, ATT, and victims violence, Sprint already have the fiber-optic networks in place.
But federal rules and regulations have prevented them from being hooked up to prompts middle, individual homes. McChesney is certainly aware of modern essay, this—he even touched on for persuasive essays, the point later in his report—but that didn't stop him from declaring that the to travel essay, private sector was acting only because the government told it to. YOU WANT AN ALTERNATIVE, LOOK IN THE THESAURUS. NPR's founders thought they were creating government-funded underground radio. Prompts For Persuasive. Their original statement of purpose called for ap language synthesis essay, programming that would promote personal growth rather than corporate gain, and not only call attention to a problem, but be an essays middle school active agent in seeking solutions. If it had worked out that way, NPR news might be a lot more interesting. But it didn't. Direct. NPR is not a national version of, say, a Pacifica station, where an announcer might analyze the virtues of different brands of LSD or urge people to go naked on Election Day.
Instead, it's a house organ of respectable inside-the-Beltway liberalism—news written by and for aging yuppies whose idea of adventuresome politics is telling Dan Quayle jokes. In fact, NPR's toughest critics these days come from the left, and prompts for persuasive middle school, they hammer away at this very point. Quoting Democrats instead of Republicans, the critics argue, offers an victims of domestic alternative in roughly the same way that Cheez Whiz is an alternative to Velveeta. One of the most savage recent critiques of NPR news came from prompts essays school, Charlotte Ryan, a professor of want the world, sociology at Simmons College and codirector of Boston College's Media Research and essays, Action Project. She studied every weekday broadcast of Morning Edition and ap language, All Things Considered from September through December 1991, reading the transcripts of 2,296 stories. (Her ennui threshold is prompts for persuasive middle obviously a good deal higher than mine.) NPR's regular coverage mirrored that of resume reviewer, commercial news programming, Ryan concluded. NPR stories focus on the same Washington-centered events and public figures as the commercial news, with the White House and prompts for persuasive, Congress setting much of the direct, political agenda. NPR's sources often paralleled those of Nightline and other network public affairs shows, with a similar tilt toward government sources and politically centrist or conservative think tanks and publications. Ryan found that more than three-fifths of essays school, NPR's domestic stories were reported from Washington, and essay, only 10 percent from the midwest.
The sources most commonly quoted were government officials. And, if you're one of those people who like their news drawn from and delivered by a politically correct mixture of prompts essays middle, races and sexes, then NPR definitely is not for you; you may be surprised to learn that Ryan found that most of the network's sources and resume reviewer, commentators were the dreaded Pale Penis People. Portions of her study must be taken with a grain of salt—Ryan is surely the only person in prompts essays America who believes that Nina Totenberg's coverage of the fall 1991 Supreme Court nomination was biased in favor of Clarence Thomas—but the week I listened to NPR, it sounded pretty much the way she described it. The vast majority of stories reported on Morning Edition and male of domestic violence case, All Things Considered come off the Associated Press wire or are rewritten from the Washington Post , the New York Times , and the Wall Street Journal . Most of prompts for persuasive essays school, them are event driven: Clinton makes a speech, the Labor Department issues economic statistics, the U.N. issues a new warning about Bosnia, Janet Reno does a photo op. Anybody listening to ABC or CBS radio news would hear nearly all of this, and without the numbing repetition. (One day I listened to Morning Edition report nine different times that the jury in the Rodney King trial was still out, with no new developments.) Only once during the week I listened to NPR did I hear a story of any significance that didn't appear in all the other major news media.
On April 15, John Nielsen reported, several days ahead of the in the modern world essay, pack, that the Clinton administration would sign the Rio de Janeiro biodiversity treaty that had been deep-sixed by for persuasive middle school George Bush. Good job. But mostly what the scoop illustrates is the precarious niche that NPR has carved for resume reviewer, itself: It shuns the alternative label, but it doesn't have the for persuasive essays school, resources or the development of science in the modern world, talent to successfully compete with the mainstream media. Prompts. Breaking a single story in a week is hardly going to victims violence case, put the fear of essays school, God in ap language synthesis essay Peter Jennings or Max Frankel. Not even the most delirious NPR staffer would make that claim, of course. The standard—and cleverly hedged—boast of NPR people is the one NPR reporter Alex Chadwick made at a recent public-radio fund-raiser in Hartford: We've evolved past being an essays middle school alternative medium to want the world essay, being, I think, the dominant radio news organization in the country.
To which the prompts middle, only sensible reply is: So what? Being the dominant radio news organization might have meant something in the days when Ed Murrow was broadcasting live accounts of direct democracy essay, Nazi air raids from London. But for the past 30 years, radio news has been on the scrap heap. A poll released earlier this year by the National Association of Broadcasters showed that only 16 percent of Americans consider radio an important source of news, compared with 69 percent for prompts for persuasive essays school, television and 43 percent for newspapers. And just 7 percent picked radio as the most credible news medium. Direct Democracy. (By the way, Chadwick is most assuredly not talking about numbers of listeners when he uses the word dominant. Morning Edition and All Things Considered have less than 3 percent of the radio audience at any given moment.)
Newspapers offer their readers depth and eclecticism. Television offers its viewers drama. Prompts. Radio offers its listeners—well, not much. Resume Reviewer. A headline service, to let them know what they can see on the evening news or read in for persuasive essays the morning paper or find on CNN at any time of the day or night. NPR reporters argue that they compensate for development of science in the modern world essay, radio's shortcomings by offering longer stories. Whether longer is better is a debatable point.
In theory, I think it's great that there's someone out there doing long, highly produced radio news stories, says one industry insider. But in practice, I don't know. I was listening to prompts essays, Morning Edition the other day on democracy essay, the way to work, and they ran this story on middle school, a ballet company for autistic children in South Africa. It went on for seven, seven-and-a-half minutes. And finally I was thinking to synthesis essay, myself, Who cares? It's just too much. When NPR tries to prompts, cover hard news, its stories—even when they stretch on direct democracy essay, for six or seven minutes—are rarely long enough to rise above the sort of prompts for persuasive school, shallow sound-bite once-over for which television is so justly criticized.
John Burnett's seven-and-a-half-minute preview of the special election in Texas to fill Lloyd Bentsen's seat was typical. He reported that the interim appointee, Bob Krueger, would probably get into a runoff. But beyond that, it was pretty murky. Krueger earned high praise in his two terms as a congressman. From whom? For what?
Dunno. His brief record in the Senate has already come under fire. Why? Well, the only thing Burnett had time to mention was that Krueger broke with Clinton over essay, gays in prompts the military. Having lived in Texas myself, I don't imagine that was terribly unpopular. But we've already moved on to the Republicans. Leader: state treasurer Kay Bailey Hutchison. Male Studies. She's running because I want to go to Washington and change it. Into what?
Sorry, gotta move on. There's a candidate named Richard Fischer, a buddy of Ross Perot's. He's spent $4 million of his own money on this race. What's his party? What's his platform? Where is he in the polls? Too bad, we're outta here. But if seven-and-a-half minutes is too little for hard news, it is assuredly too much for prompts for persuasive middle, most NPR feature stories. Did anyone listening to Morning Edition in Portales, New Mexico, or Senatobia, Mississippi, really want to hear Lynn Neary's eight-and-a-half minutes on yuppie angst about living in Mount Pleasant and Columbia Heights? (Sample quote: Violence sensitizes you to all the other abrasions in the urban environment.) Quite aside from being inside-the-Beltwayism run completely amok, this is simply bad journalism.
And now we've come to the real secret of NPR news: Bad journalism is resume reviewer not just an occupational hazard, the occasional and inevitable accident that occurs in prompts essays middle school every news organization. Bad journalism happens on synthesis, the quarter hour at NPR. Bad journalism is, often, policy at NPR. How shall we count the ways? The dull scripts, so formulaic that even the prompts middle school, reporters privately make fun of gcse romeo and juliet, them.
Last year, when NPR was running a long, long, long series of stories on local people shunted aside by development in Latin America, several reporters formed a pool. Prompts For Persuasive Middle. Recalls one: We bet on male victims violence, how long each story would go before it cued a strumming guitar, followed by a grandfather mourning his lost son, then singing long-forgotten revolutionary songs. The infatuation with ethnicism, to the extent that NPR stories are sometimes barely comprehensible. NPR reporters love to have exotically accented English in for persuasive essays middle their pieces, even if it's pure gibberish. Here's the way Nexis transcribed a quote from a Thai official whose tape-recorded English-language comments were included in male victims of domestic case studies a report by Mary Kay Magistad on problems on the Thai-Cambodian border: We have spent a lot of money to neighbor of prompts essays school, Cambodia, like you see here, and the business along the border, like the business [unintelligible] with Burma, the same that the people who live along the border, their trip—their trip, you know? It is the nature of the businessman. I've listened to the same quote three times on tape and I can't translate it any better than Nexis did.
The star reporters who throw their weight around, getting away with crap that would have a college intern fired in ten seconds. Nina Totenberg (one of the three powerful NPR women—Cokie Roberts and Linda Wertheimer are the ap language synthesis essay, others—to whom some male reporters refer collectively as the prompts for persuasive school, fallopian jungle) reported one morning on a topless dancer suing a Dallas club for age discrimination. Essays. She introduced her story with a crack about sagging hopes. I'd call that stupid and sophomoric; if Clarence Thomas had said it, I'll bet Totenberg would have called it something much more serious. (In Totenberg's defense, she's certainly not the first allegedly feminist NPR reporter to use language that would be derided as sexist swill coming from prompts essays, a man. Susan Stamberg once opened an resume reviewer interview with novelist John Irving: Mr. Irving, on the basis of your brilliant writing, and your photograph on the dust jacket of Garp , most of the women on our staff have told me they'd like to run away with you.) Circle-jerk journalism, when reporters interview reporters. I don't recall the last time I picked up the Post and found a front-page interview of middle, Ann Devroy by David Broder. The Post —and, as far as I know, every other news organization in America—reports the news by reporting the news rather than interviewing other reporters about the want, news. That's not the way it works at NPR.
Eight times in five days I heard NPR reporters interview other reporters—usually other NPR reporters. And I'm not counting four interviews with reporters like new Pulitzer recipient George Lardner Jr. Prompts Essays Middle School. who were, at least arguably, actual news makers; nor am I counting several foreign journalists interviewed as part of resume reviewer, larger stories about their countries. At best, these pieces were flaccid. I would be interested in what an economist thinks about the value-added tax. I might be interested in what a merchant thinks about it, or a truck driver, or a housewife. I am emphatically not interested in what an NPR reporter thinks. But several of the interviews with reporters developed into something considerably worse than flaccidity. When Bob Edwards talked to Bill Sloat, a Cleveland Plain Dealer reporter covering the inmate takeover of a maximum-security prison in Ohio, NPR used the opportunity to prompts for persuasive essays middle school, pass along unattributed rumors and ap language, speculation that Sloat could never have gotten past his own editors. Sloat started with the observation that I think [the atmosphere at for persuasive essays middle, the prison] has grown a little more tense overnight. I have nothing to base it on, but it's just a feeling. He bottomed out by mentioning that six inmates had already been killed and he had heard rumors that some of the bodies were mutilated.
Now, nobody will confirm that. Sloat's rumormongering, though, was model journalism compared to resume reviewer, the interview Edwards had done with Cokie Roberts the day before. Supposedly this was an interview about the Republican attack on Clinton's economic stimulus package (Roberts being so much more knowledgeable about that than an actual Republican), but Roberts quickly shifted the subject to a special congressional election in the Mississippi Delta. There's a black candidate versus a white candidate, Roberts said. And this is where you really see the words 'city' or 'inner city' become something of a code word for race. Prompts For Persuasive School. The white candidate, who's a Republican, is saying that his opponent is and juliet essays a liberal from the city, as opposed to essays, himself, who's a conservative from the country. And that's just sort of a way of to travel the world, letting people know that the opponent is black.
I don't think a deaf, dumb, and blind martian could have gotten this story more ridiculously wrong. First, the prompts school, Democratic candidate had just survived a brutal and highly publicized primary election. So everyone already knew he was black. Second, everyone already knew he was black anyway, because Mississippi is the most race-conscious place in America. I can't think of an election of any importance in resume reviewer my lifetime when everybody didn't know the race of all the essays middle school, candidates, says Sallie Anne Gresham, a native Mississippian and the managing editor of the Delta Democrat-Times , the Delta's largest newspaper. (Hey, if NPR can use journalists as talking heads in their pieces, why can't I?) Third, the majority of the voters in the congressional district are black. (So is Mike Espy, who resigned the male victims of domestic violence case, seat to become secretary of agriculture.) So it wouldn't exactly have been shrewd politics for the Republican to make an issue of the Democrat's race. And he didn't. Instead, the Republican embraced the black vote, spoke frequently of his respect for Martin Luther King, and tried to prompts school, appeal to development world essay, the social conservatism of middle school, rural black voters by pointing out that his opponent was a liberal from the direct democracy essay, city. The Democrat, by contrast, made race an explicit issue; he campaigned in large part on the platform that black people could only be properly represented by a black congressman. He won.
The practice of putting reporting positions up for sale. NPR people prefer to use the euphemistic term underwriting. Whatever you call it, eight of prompts for persuasive essays middle school, NPR's reporters are fully funded by corporations or foundations, confirms an NPR spokesperson. I wonder what the founders would have said back in 1970 if they'd been told that someday NPR would have a science reporter paid for by Hewlett-Packard? NPR officials insist that the outside funding has no impact on the way they report the news. But of course it does. NPR has eight, count 'em, eight reporters on resume reviewer, its science desk.
But it has no labor reporter, no crime reporter, and until a few weeks ago had no Pentagon reporter. Can you guess which desk has seven underwritten reporters? Underwriting also accounts for the fact that NPR has a full-time reporter in Kenya doing stories about tax collection, while it relies on a stringer to for persuasive middle school, cover South Africa, where one of the most exciting stories of the decade is unfolding. Daniel Zwerdling, the Kenya correspondent, is english romeo funded with a $100,000 grant from the Affinity Group for Southern Africa, a consortium of 50 or so foundations. It's a group of prompts middle school, foundations that are promoting economic development in direct essay southern Africa, explains Michael Sinclair of the Kaiser Family Foundation, who coordinates the Affinity Group. We went to NPR with a proposal to supplement their regular news reporting from southern Africa with regular reporting on prompts for persuasive essays middle school, economic issues. Now, the development of science in the, obvious question is: What if Zwerdling starts filing stories about acts of tyranny and prompts for persuasive middle, expropriation in Zimbabwe, or an Iranian-backed secession movement in Tanzania-you know, things that don't exactly encourage economic development? What if he reports that a lot of the governments in southern Africa are run by swindling brutes—and that economic aid only perpetuates their regimes? We don't have any control over the reporting, Sinclair says.
But would the Affinity Group keep funding a reporter who did those stories? I don't think that would play a role in evaluating the funding, he insists. He sounds sincere, and I'm sure Sinclair believes his own words. I don't know if I do. And I wonder if Daniel Zwerdling and his editors do.
OK, I'M CONVINCED. YOUR SISTER'S AN IDIOT. WHAT'S IT TO ME? Well, you pay for it. That may come as a surprise; through a propaganda campaign that's been successful beyond its wildest dreams, NPR has convinced most people that it no longer depends on tax dollars for want the world, its existence. The NPR claim that less than 3 percent of its funding comes from the federal government is accepted as gospel almost everywhere. But what that figure really represents is a clever bookkeeping trick.
In 1987, the prompts middle school, Corporation for Public Broadcasting—the quasi-independent organization in charge of distributing the annual $300-million-plus federal subsidy to public broadcasting—stopped funding NPR directly and started giving the money directly to public radio stations, which then hand it back to ap language synthesis, NPR in the form of dues. That covers about two-thirds of NPR's $46 million annual budget. Then there's the essays middle, matter of that $198 million satellite NPR uses to distribute its programming: yup, paid for with tax dollars. (NPR also makes a nice chunk of development of science modern world, change by renting out the satellite's excess capacity to a private paging company.) And without taxpayer dollars, there wouldn't be any public stations to run NPR's programs. Of the total $377 million spent on public radio in fiscal 1991, nearly half was provided by local, state, and federal government. Taxes are the lifeblood of the entire industry. So remember: You're paying Cokie Roberts $60,000 a year for prompts for persuasive essays school, her half-baked ranting about racism in America. You're paying Daniel Schorr $95,000 a year to demonstrate Martian mathematics. Development Of Science Modern. You're paying Linda Wertheimer $97,000 a year for anti-tax-evasion public service announcements.
You're paying Carl Kasell $90,000 a year, Robert Siegel $101,000 a year, and for persuasive middle, Bob Edwards $134,000 a year to imitate the bloodless drone of HAL the computer. Maybe you think it's a good deal. I'm sure my sister does. Art accompanying story in printed newspaper (not available in this archive): illustration/Andrew Epstein.
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ancestors essay The Jergens Family Essay (1936-37) Our research for the history of the JERGENS Family of Dayton, Ohio began with the essay, “The Ancestors of the for persuasive school, Present Jergens Family,” written by resume reviewer Margaret Jergens in 1936 and Maryann Jergens in prompts 1937 for a high school English class assignment. Resume Reviewer? Margaret Jergens (her maiden name) wrote to us on October 27, 1992, regarding this document: “…Maryann had her copy of the Jergens family report (essay) that I had written as a high school junior – of course, my Mother and Daddy and all the relatives in our neighborhood were able to contribute information – (56 years ago they were all alive ).” The year after Margaret wrote her family history essay, her sister Maryann got the same assignment from the same teacher at Kiser High School in Dayton. (When Maryann went to prompts for persuasive middle school their parents for direct, help, they told her to use the prompts for persuasive essays middle school, information they had given Margaret the previous year!) Maryann thoughtfully preserved a copy of her essay, which Margaret had the good sense to pass along to us. Our thanks to both Jergens women for sharing this priceless resource. Keep in mind that this is an oral history written down by teenagers many years ago. And it's a good example of family tradition – the want to travel, essay contains quite a bit of questionable information and erroneous dates, alongside a great deal of for persuasive essays middle useful and synthesis accurate information.
For the purpose of clarity we made a few minor changes, to punctuation, spelling and for persuasive essays middle school phrasing, that do not change the story or detract from victims violence, its voice. One item in the essay that we should view with a healthy dose of skepticism is the essays, family lore about the Jergens family of Dayton being “cousins of the Andrew Jergens family of Cincinnati, the english, manufacturers of school Jergens Lotion.” From what we’ve found published about the Andrew Jergens family, it appears they immigrated to this country a quarter of a century or more after our Jergens ancestor arrived. If they were related to male violence case our Jergens family in Europe, that has yet to be discovered. In terms of its overall structure, the genealogy described in prompts for persuasive school the essay is turning out to be mostly correct. Some of the names got a little confused, and many dates in violence case the essay are erroneous (they obviously were working from memory). Middle School? Where documentary evidence consistently disagrees with the essay, we have given preference to the former rather than to the essay. When the data have been conflicting, we’ve tried to provide a reasonable interpretation.
References to living descendants have been removed or omitted from both The Ancestors of the Present Jergens Family and the narrative history in order to protect the male, privacy of these individuals. Undoubtedly, more of the Jergens story will be unearthed in for persuasive middle years to come. As new data surface, the story will change; but we’re willing to bet this foundation stands the test of resume reviewer time. Essay: “The Ancestors of the Present Jergens Family” On both the paternal and maternal sides of my ancestors, little is known.
My great-great-grandparents were the first to prompts essays middle school travel to this country. On the resume reviewer, paternal side of middle school my ancestors, from whom I am directly descended, Germany and Sweden are represented. A long time before my great-great-grandparent, Andrew Jergens, and his brothers Phillip, Peter, and John came to America, their forefathers tilled the soil of male of domestic violence case Sweden. For Persuasive Middle? While in Sweden, these ancestors spelled their surname as Jergenson, but somewhere along the synthesis essay, line the on was eliminated, and the spelling remained as it is spelled today. This probably occurred when my Swedish forefathers went to prompts for persuasive school Germany to live. My great-great-grandfather, Andrew Jergens, was born on his father's estate in Berlin, Germany, on June 25, 1797. His three brothers were born there also: Phillip, born October 5, 1799; Peter, born March 21, 1801; and want to travel the world essay John, born December 14, 1803. This estate was located directly next to the estate of the prompts essays middle school, Kaiser, then the ruler of Germany. This close connection of property later caused the departure of the in the modern world essay, four brothers from their native land.
Their leaving was caused by a dispute between the Kaiser and my great-great-great-grandfather, Phillip Jergens. The dispute grew out prompts essays of the shooting of the essay, Kaiser's prize deer. While the four brothers attempted to save their crops from the prompts, deer by shooting at them, the Kaiser was opposed to to travel essay their actions. Prompts For Persuasive Middle School? After being warned three times, they left the country. Before their flight from the country, they tried different ways to escape the Kaiser. Andrew evaded the Kaiser's men through his knowledge of witchcraft. When he was at a loss for a place to hide, he would turn himself into a tree stump.
His pursuers would sit down and rest, knocking the ashes from their pipes on his nose. At another time he escaped capture and death by simply disappearing. He also had the direct essay, power to drive fire from burns and to bring back stolen articles. After the third warning, their estate was partially confiscated and the family dispersed. The mother and prompts for persuasive middle father remained in Germany on what land was left for them. Their four sons, Andrew, Phillip, Peter and John, came to America. They completed their voyage, reached port in New York and traveled together until they came to Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. Here they parted, never to see one another again. This was about the year 1818. From Pittsburgh, each traveled to a different city: Phillip went to Chicago, Illinois; Andrew established his residence in Cincinnati, Ohio; John remained in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania; and the exact city of Peter's settlement was never known. From the day of their parting they never again renewed family ties.
After Andrew settled in Cincinnati, he married a German girl, whose name is unknown, on May 22, 1820. He followed the occupation which nearly every one of his relatives, living before and after him, followed, that of gardening. The exact number of children reared by english gcse and juliet him and his wife is essays middle school unknown, although it is known that on February 8, 1822, Phillip Jergens was born. He remained with his parents until his marriage to Mary Stephens on September 10, 1845. Development Of Science? Mary Stephens was born in Cincinnati on July 27, 1823. Phillip and middle Mary established their residence on Price Hill, Cincinnati, Ohio. My great-great-grandparents, Andrew and his wife, lived in Cincinnati for some time, later moving to Dayton, where they died in 1850 and 1852, respectively. Mary Stephens Jergens, my great-grandmother, bore four daughters in Cincinnati: Helen, born January 15, 1846; Mary, born April 3, 1847; Magdalena, born October 29, 1848; and the world essay Elizabeth, born August 6, 1853. When Elizabeth was but a babe in essays arms, her parents moved to Dayton in a covered wagon, drawn by direct democracy two horses. They made their home on the Old Troy Pike, about 3 miles from Kiser High School.
Since then three generations have lived here on the same tract of land chosen by my great-grandfather, Phillip Jergens. This land has been held for prompts middle school, 83 years under the name of Jergens. After they had settled in resume reviewer Dayton, five sons were born to them. The eldest of the sons, Phillip, was born on September 23, 1855 and died November 9, 1937. The next son was Peter, my grandfather, born on November 6, 1857. The three other sons were William, born August 18, 1859 -- William died 21 years later, in middle Dayton, on October 10, 1880; Jacob was born on of science modern essay, November 23, 1861 -- he lived for about six weeks and then he died; and the next and last son was Joseph who was born on for persuasive essays, May 16, 1863. Great-grandfather Jergens died on May 22, 1907; my great-grandmother Jergens died on August 25, 1899. All the democracy, daughters of the family are dead. Helen married Jacob Zink, raised a family of twelve children, and school died in want to travel the world essay Dayton on February 7, 1925. Mary married Joseph Zink, raised a family of twelve children, and prompts middle died in West Milton, Ohio, on January 11, 1906. Magdalena married John Kleinfelder, raised a family of ten children, and died on October 25, 1908.
Elizabeth married George Logel, raised two children, and died in Dayton on July 12, 1933. Just one son of the family is dead. Phillip married Mary Abelle; they raised one boy and one girl; Peter married Magdalena Abelle and raised two sons; his daughter died. Joseph married Mary Desinger, raised two girls and two boys, and died on September 20, 1925 in Dayton. My grandfather, Peter Jergens, married Magdalena Abelle on June 23, 1886 at Holy Trinity Church, Dayton. Magdalena Abelle Jergens was born on May 12, 1868 and died on February 23, 1895. She was the direct democracy, daughter of John and Barbara Funkmeyer Abelle. She had one brother, Joseph, and three sisters, Mary, Cynthia and Barbara.
Their birth and death dates are unknown. The birth, marriage and death dates of Magdalena's parents and essays grandparents are also unknown. Magdalena bore three children. The first born was my aunt Mary; born on December 15, 1889, she died about an hour after her birth. One year later my uncle, Henry, was born on December 9, 1890. To Travel? On May 8, 1912 Henry married Bertha Rediess in Our Lady of the prompts for persuasive middle, Rosary Church in to travel essay Dayton. They had eight children and one daughter died. Three years later my father, Peter, Jr., was born on November 23, 1893. All three children were born in the small brick house located about 100 feet from my present home, as was their father and his brothers before them. The brick house is still standing to this day. Peter married Cecilia Leyes on essays school, May 10, 1917 at Our Lady of the gcse and juliet essays, Rosary Church in Dayton.
The members of this generation of the Jergens family are the third cousins of the Andrew Jergens family of Cincinnati, the manufacturers of prompts for persuasive essays middle school Jergens Lotion. On the maternal side of my ancestors, from whom I am directly descended, France and Germany are represented. The first generation of english romeo this side of the family which can be traced back the essays, farthest is my great-great-grandparents. They were John Hecht and Margaret Grau Hecht, both of whom were born in Wittenberg, Germany. The dates of their births, marriage and deaths are unknown. They are the parents of democracy essay Henry John Hecht, my grandfather.
John and Margaret Grau Hecht came to America in 1844. For Persuasive Middle? They lived at first in Cincinnati, on Vine Street, and later moved to Dayton with both their sons, who were born in Cincinnati. Their sons were Henry John, born June 24, 1846, died October 30, 1901; and male studies Michael, born August 17, 1848, died March 5, 1884. When they came to Dayton, they located their home in middle the south of Dayton on what is now called Bonner Street. Henry John Hecht married Elizabeth Ziegler on August 11, 1864 at St. Mary's Church in Dayton.
My great-grandmother was a convert to Catholicism from the Lutheran religion. She was the daughter of Joseph and Dorothea Slatz Ziegler. She was born in Wittenberg, Germany, on October 30, 1846. She died on December 9, 1918. The birth, marriage and gcse and juliet death dates of her parents are unknown. They are probably buried in Dayton because they came to America in prompts essays middle 1862 with their three daughters and gcse one son.
Henry and Elizabeth Ziegler Hecht reared a family of essays middle school ten children. The eldest of their children, Anna, who is my grandmother, was born on ap language, July 26, 1869 and married Henry Leyes. She is the sister of four more girls and essays middle three boys. Two other children died in infancy. Charles, born August 10, 1876, married Molly Linich. Mary Agnes, born May 2, 1878, died six weeks later. Dorothy was born April 23, 1880. Development Of Science Essay? Michael, born November 20, 1883, died two years later. Gertrude, born December 6, 1885, has been a nun in the convent of St.
Francis of the Poor for the past 25 years. Henry was born November 12, 1887 and died March 27, 1930. Clara was born June 15, 1888. About the paternal ancestors on my mother's side, facts are unknown to exist from the time of my great-grandparents. My great-grandfather John Leyes was born July 26, 1839 in Alsace Lorraine, France. The names of his parents are unknown, likewise their birth, marriage and death dates. John Leyes married Margaret Seager on June 15, 1855.
She is also a convert to Catholicism from the Lutheran religion. She was the daughter of John and Mary Seager. She was born in Guttenberg, Germany on prompts essays middle school, April 10, 1840 and came to this country with her parents and her brother John Seager when they were children. Essay? Her parents died when she was young. They were buried at Greencastle Cemetery, Dayton, Ohio.
More than this we do not know of my great-great-grandparents. Prompts For Persuasive Middle? My great-grandparents Leyes raised a family of ten children. At the resume reviewer, time of the for persuasive essays, birth of their eldest son, my great-grandmother, Margaret Seager Leyes, purchased a second-hand cradle. She used it for the five children who lived, beginning with my great uncle Joseph Leyes. Victims Violence? When my great-grandmother was through using it, her children, as they were married, used it for their children, until it passed along the line, finally reaching my grandfather Leyes. My grandparents used it for their seven children. It then went to my mother who used it for her eight [surviving] children….
We are to this day preserving it for future use, although its rockers are worn thin and a new bottom has to for persuasive middle school replace the older warped one. It is made entirely of walnut, with a dark walnut stain and finish. The four posts, which form the legs also, are carved to shape balls, which are connected. The side pieces are fashioned the same way in a smaller pattern. As far as we know, it is resume reviewer of the Queen Anne style of furniture.
Its value in the family is untold, because of prompts school its rare beauty and age which is estimated to be about 100 years. Development Of Science World? After the birth of Joseph, there were five still-born children, therefore without names. The dates of their births are also unknown. The remaining five are: Joseph, born February 10, 1856, married Mary Kinzic, died November 3, 1934; Catherine, born July 30, 1858, married Andrew Stick; Carolina, born August 6, 1880, married three times, first to Louis Stick, second to for persuasive essays middle school Charles Kramer, and in the modern world third to Carl Coates, died on September 13, 1929; Phillip, born January 26, 1886, married Mary Niehous, died November 30, 1934; the last child was Henry, born May 23, 1871, married Anna Hecht on May 11, 1892 at Emanuel Church, Dayton, Ohio. Middle School? Henry Leyes is my grandfather and Anna Hecht Leyes is my grandmother. Democracy Essay? They made their home on the Old Troy Pike where they raised all their children. They are still living there.
They raised a family of seven children of whom my mother is the eldest. My mother, Cecilia Leyes Jergens, married Peter Jergens, Jr. on May 10, 1917 at Our Lady of the prompts school, Rosary Church, Dayton, Ohio. My maternal grandparents' family included: Cecilia, born March 18, 1895, married Peter Jergens, Jr. on May 10,1917, has eight living children, one deceased son; Louise, born May 11, 1897, married Louis Clayton on gcse and juliet essays, March 7, 1919, has three children; Andrew, born April 19, 1899, married Irma Hill on January 17, 1925, has four living and four deceased children; Dorothy, born March 26, 1901, married Charles Leidig on September 12, 1924, have no children; Catherine, born April 20, 1903, became a nun in for persuasive the convent of St. Francis of the to travel the world, Poor at Hartwell, Cincinnati, Ohio, went to Germany in 1927 and died there on March 12, 1930; Raymond, born June 20, 1905, has not married; and for persuasive middle Herbert, born on February 16, 1908, married Margaret Smith on November 7, 1936. When Peter and Cecilia Leyes Jergens were married, they established their residence at the homestead on the Old Troy Pike. It was here that their children were born, all except the baby of the family who was born at the Miami Valley hospital. My father is following the resume reviewer, occupation which his father and grandfather followed before him, that of prompts for persuasive middle gardening, although today he has eight acres planned and worked in a more modern manner. With one of the largest irrigation systems in the Mad River Township, his success at gardening is evident. The engine, which supplies the water to the thirty-six pipe lines, pumps three hundred gallons of water a minute.
The pipe lines to which the water is pumped have an average of want to travel the world one hundred and ten nozzles, or openings, in them. The patent for these nozzles was obtained by for persuasive middle the Skinner Irrigation System, before my father could apply for one. My father had also perfected these nozzles. Ap Language Synthesis? The organizer of the Skinner company gave a district salesmanship to my father instead. He has held this position for 26 years. At present he is employed at Frigidaire Corporation, working at Plant 2, Moraine City. Before her marriage, my mother attended school from the essays middle, first through the sixth grades at a little red school house on the Old Troy Pike. She completed the seventh and eighth grades at the Emanuel Parochial School. Upon leaving Emanuel's school, she attended Miami Jacob College and Stivers High School night classes. At the completion of her education she worked in victims the Schaeffer home of Oakwood.
She was employed for six years before her marriage to Peter Jergens, Jr. Prompts For Persuasive Middle School? Therefore with the family, of which I am a member, being descended from ancestors who have come from development of science essay, Germany, France and Sweden, we form a family of prompts for persuasive middle school mixed traits. Some of these traits are strongly prominent. We are all staunch Roman Catholics, about evenly divided between the dark and light complexioned, and all fairly largely built, physically.
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Donald Trump’s Ghostwriter Tells All. “I put lipstick on a pig,” Tony Schwartz, the ghostwriter, says. He feels “deep remorse.” Last June, as dusk fell outside Tony Schwartz’s sprawling house, on a leafy back road in Riverdale, New York, he pulled out his laptop and caught up with the day’s big news: Donald J. Trump had declared his candidacy for essays middle, President. As Schwartz watched a video of the speech, he began to feel personally implicated. Trump, facing a crowd that had gathered in the lobby of Trump Tower, on Fifth Avenue, laid out his qualifications, saying, “We need a leader that wrote ‘The Art of the Deal.’ ” If that was so, Schwartz thought, then he, not Trump, should be running. Schwartz dashed off a tweet: “Many thanks Donald Trump for suggesting I run for english romeo and juliet essays, President, based on the fact that I wrote ‘The Art of the for persuasive essays, Deal.’ ” Schwartz had ghostwritten Trump’s 1987 breakthrough memoir, earning a joint byline on the cover, half of the resume reviewer, book’s five-hundred-thousand-dollar advance, and half of the prompts school, royalties. The book was a phenomenal success, spending forty-eight weeks on the Times best-seller list, thirteen of them at democracy, No.
1. More than a million copies have been bought, generating several million dollars in prompts school royalties. The book expanded Trump’s renown far beyond New York City, making him an gcse emblem of the middle school, successful tycoon. Edward Kosner, the former editor and publisher of New York , where Schwartz worked as a writer at the time, says, “Tony created Trump. Direct Democracy Essay! He’s Dr. Essays School! Frankenstein.” Starting in direct democracy late 1985, Schwartz spent eighteen months with Trump—camping out in prompts for persuasive his office, joining him on his helicopter, tagging along at meetings, and spending weekends with him at his Manhattan apartment and his Florida estate. During that period, Schwartz felt, he had got to know him better than almost anyone else outside the Trump family. Until Schwartz posted the tweet, though, he had not spoken publicly about Trump for decades. It had never been his ambition to be a ghostwriter, and he had been glad to to travel essay, move on. But, as he watched a replay of the prompts for persuasive essays school, new candidate holding forth for democracy, forty-five minutes, he noticed something strange: over the decades, Trump appeared to prompts for persuasive essays middle school, have convinced himself that he had written the book. Schwartz recalls thinking, “If he could lie about that on Day One—when it was so easily refuted—he is likely to lie about development of science in the modern world, anything.”
It seemed improbable that Trump’s campaign would succeed, so Schwartz told himself that he needn’t worry much. Essays School! But, as Trump denounced Mexican immigrants as “rapists,” near the end of the speech, Schwartz felt anxious. To Travel The World Essay! He had spent hundreds of hours observing Trump firsthand, and felt that he had an unusually deep understanding of what he regarded as Trump’s beguiling strengths and disqualifying weaknesses. Many Americans, however, saw Trump as a charmingly brash entrepreneur with an unfailing knack for business—a mythical image that Schwartz had helped create. “It pays to trust your instincts,” Trump says in the book, adding that he was set to make hundreds of millions of dollars after buying a hotel that he hadn’t even walked through. In the subsequent months, as Trump defied predictions by establishing himself as the front-runner for the Republican nomination, Schwartz’s desire to prompts essays, set the english romeo, record straight grew. He had long since left journalism to launch the Energy Project, a consulting firm that promises to improve employees’ productivity by helping them boost their “physical, emotional, mental, and spiritual” morale. It was a successful company, with clients such as Facebook, and Schwartz’s colleagues urged him to avoid the essays middle school, political fray. But the english gcse essays, prospect of President Trump terrified him.
It wasn’t because of Trump’s ideology—Schwartz doubted that he had one. The problem was Trump’s personality, which he considered pathologically impulsive and prompts for persuasive middle school, self-centered. Schwartz thought about romeo essays, publishing an prompts school article describing his reservations about Trump, but he hesitated, knowing that, since he’d cashed in on the flattering “Art of the Deal,” his credibility and want to travel the world, his motives would be seen as suspect. Yet watching the prompts essays school, campaign was excruciating. Schwartz decided that if he kept mum and resume reviewer, Trump was elected he’d never forgive himself. In June, he agreed to break his silence and give his first candid interview about the Trump he got to essays middle school, know while acting as his Boswell. “I put lipstick on direct democracy essay a pig,” he said. “I feel a deep sense of remorse that I contributed to presenting Trump in a way that brought him wider attention and made him more appealing than he is.” He went on, “I genuinely believe that if Trump wins and gets the school, nuclear codes there is an excellent possibility it will lead to the end of civilization.” If he were writing “The Art of the Deal” today, Schwartz said, it would be a very different book with a very different title.
Asked what he would call it, he answered, “The Sociopath.” The idea of direct, Trump writing an autobiography didn’t originate with either Trump or Schwartz. Prompts Middle School! It began with Si Newhouse, the media magnate whose company, Advance Publications, owned Random House at essay, the time, and prompts for persuasive essays, continues to own Conde Nast, the parent company of want the world essay, this magazine. “It was very definitely, and almost uniquely, Si Newhouse’s idea,” Peter Osnos, who edited the book, recalls. GQ , which Conde Nast also owns, had published a cover story on essays middle school Trump, and Newhouse noticed that newsstand sales had been unusually strong. Newhouse called Trump about the project, then visited him to direct democracy essay, discuss it.
Random House continued the pursuit with a series of meetings. At one point, Howard Kaminsky, who ran Random House then, wrapped a thick Russian novel in a dummy cover that featured a photograph of Trump looking like a conquering hero; at the top was Trump’s name, in large gold block lettering. Kaminsky recalls that Trump was pleased by the mockup, but had one suggestion: “Please make my name much bigger.” After securing the half-million-dollar advance, Trump signed a contract. Around this time, Schwartz, who was one of the leading young magazine writers of the day, stopped by Trump’s office, in Trump Tower. Middle! Schwartz had written about Trump before. Essay! In 1985, he’d published a piece in New York called “A Different Kind of Donald Trump Story,” which portrayed him not as a brilliant mogul but as a ham-fisted thug who had unsuccessfully tried to evict rent-controlled and prompts essays school, rent-stabilized tenants from a building that he had bought on Central Park South. Trump’s efforts—which included a plan to of science in the modern world, house homeless people in the building in prompts for persuasive essays middle school order to harass the want to travel, tenants—became what Schwartz described as a “fugue of failure, a farce of fumbling and bumbling.” An accompanying cover portrait depicted Trump as unshaven, unpleasant-looking, and prompts for persuasive essays middle school, shiny with sweat. Yet, to Schwartz’s amazement, Trump loved the article.
He hung the want essay, cover on a wall of his office, and for persuasive essays, sent a fan note to Schwartz, on his gold-embossed personal stationery. Modern Essay! “Everybody seems to middle school, have read it,” Trump enthused in the note, which Schwartz has kept. “I was shocked,” Schwartz told me. “Trump didn’t fit any model of human being I’d ever met. He was obsessed with publicity, and he didn’t care what you wrote.” He went on, “Trump only takes two positions. Either you’re a scummy loser, liar, whatever, or you’re the greatest. I became the greatest. He wanted to in the modern essay, be seen as a tough guy, and he loved being on the cover.” Schwartz wrote him back, saying, “Of all the people I’ve written about over middle, the years, you are certainly the the world, best sport.” And so Schwartz had returned for more, this time to conduct an interview for for persuasive essays middle, Playboy . Synthesis! But to his frustration Trump kept making cryptic, monosyllabic statements. “He mysteriously wouldn’t answer my questions,” Schwartz said. After twenty minutes, he said, Trump explained that he didn’t want to reveal anything new about himself—he had just signed a lucrative book deal and prompts for persuasive essays middle, needed to save his best material. “What kind of book?” Schwartz said. “My autobiography,” Trump replied. “You’re only thirty-eight—you don’t have one yet!” Schwartz joked.
“Yeah, I know,” Trump said. “If I were you,” Schwartz recalls telling him, “I’d write a book called ‘The Art of the Deal.’ That’s something people would be interested in.” “You’re right,” Trump agreed. “Do you want to write it?” Schwartz thought it over for male victims violence case studies, several weeks. He knew that he would be making a Faustian bargain. A lifelong liberal, he was hardly an admirer of Trump’s ruthless and single-minded pursuit of profit. “It was one of a number of times in my life when I was divided between the Devil and prompts for persuasive essays, the higher side,” he told me.
He had grown up in a bourgeois, intellectual family in direct democracy Manhattan, and middle, had attended elite private schools, but he was not as wealthy as some of his classmates—and, unlike many of them, he had no trust fund. Want The World Essay! “I grew up privileged,” he said. “But my parents made it clear: ‘You’re on your own.’ ” Around the time Trump made his offer, Schwartz’s wife, Deborah Pines, became pregnant with their second daughter, and for persuasive, he worried that the family wouldn’t fit into their Manhattan apartment, whose mortgage was already too high. “I was overly worried about of domestic case studies, money,” Schwartz said. Prompts For Persuasive Essays School! “I thought money would keep me safe and secure—or that was my rationalization.” At the same time, he knew that if he took Trump’s money and adopted Trump’s voice his journalism career would be badly damaged. His heroes were such literary nonfiction writers as Tom Wolfe, John McPhee, and want, David Halberstam. Prompts Essays School! Being a ghostwriter was hackwork. In the end, though, Schwartz had his price. He told Trump that if he would give him half the advance and half the male victims violence case studies, book’s royalties he’d take the essays middle school, job. Such terms are unusually generous for of science modern world, a ghostwriter. Trump, despite having a reputation as a tough negotiator, agreed on the spot. “It was a huge windfall,” Schwartz recalls. “But I knew I was selling out.
Literally, the term was invented to describe what I did.” Soon Spy was calling him “former journalist Tony Schwartz.” Schwartz thought that “The Art of the Deal” would be an easy project. The book’s structure would be simple: he’d chronicle half a dozen or so of Trump’s biggest real-estate deals, dispense some bromides about school, how to succeed in of science in the modern world business, and fill in essays middle school Trump’s life story. For research, he planned to interview Trump on english and juliet a series of Saturday mornings. The first session didn’t go as planned, however. Essays! After Trump gave him a tour of democracy, his marble-and-gilt apartment atop Trump Tower—which, to Schwartz, looked unlived-in, like the for persuasive middle, lobby of want the world, a hotel—they began to prompts for persuasive middle, talk.
But the discussion was soon hobbled by what Schwartz regards as one of want essay, Trump’s most essential characteristics: “He has no attention span.” In those days, Schwartz recalls, Trump was generally affable with reporters, offering short, amusingly immodest quotes on demand. Trump had been forthcoming with him during the New York interview, but it hadn’t required much time or deep reflection. For the book, though, Trump needed to provide him with sustained, thoughtful recollections. He asked Trump to describe his childhood in detail. After sitting for only a few minutes in his suit and tie, Trump became impatient and irritable. He looked fidgety, Schwartz recalls, “like a kindergartner who can’t sit still in a classroom.” Even when Schwartz pressed him, Trump seemed to remember almost nothing of his youth, and made it clear that he was bored. Prompts For Persuasive! Far more quickly than Schwartz had expected, Trump ended the meeting. Week after week, the pattern repeated itself.
Schwartz tried to limit the sessions to essay, smaller increments of time, but Trump’s contributions remained oddly truncated and superficial. “Trump has been written about a thousand ways from Sunday, but this fundamental aspect of who he is doesn’t seem to be fully understood,” Schwartz told me. “It’s implicit in prompts for persuasive essays middle school a lot of direct democracy, what people write, but it’s never explicit—or, at prompts for persuasive middle, least, I haven’t seen it. Resume Reviewer! And that is that it’s impossible to keep him focussed on any topic, other than his own self-aggrandizement, for more than a few minutes, and prompts school, even then . . Resume Reviewer! . ” Schwartz trailed off, shaking his head in amazement. He regards Trump’s inability to prompts school, concentrate as alarming in a Presidential candidate. “If he had to be briefed on male victims of domestic case studies a crisis in the Situation Room, it’s impossible to imagine him paying attention over a long period of time,” he said. In a recent phone interview, Trump told me that, to prompts middle, the contrary, he has the skill that matters most in a crisis: the ability to democracy essay, forge compromises. The reason he touted “The Art of the Deal” in prompts his announcement, he explained, was that he believes that recent Presidents have lacked his toughness and finesse: “Look at the trade deficit with China.
Look at the Iran deal. I’ve made a fortune by making deals. I do that. I do that well. That’s what I do.” But Schwartz believes that Trump’s short attention span has left him with “a stunning level of superficial knowledge and plain ignorance.” He said, “That’s why he so prefers TV as his first news source—information comes in easily digestible sound bites.” He added, “I seriously doubt that Trump has ever read a book straight through in his adult life.” During the eighteen months that he observed Trump, Schwartz said, he never saw a book on Trump’s desk, or elsewhere in english gcse his office, or in prompts for persuasive school his apartment. Other journalists have noticed Trump’s apparent lack of interest in of science modern world essay reading. Essays Middle! In May, Megyn Kelly, of Fox News, asked him to synthesis, name his favorite book, other than the for persuasive school, Bible or “The Art of the Deal.” Trump picked the 1929 novel “All Quiet on the Western Front.” Evidently suspecting that many years had elapsed since he’d read it, Kelly asked Trump to talk about the of domestic violence, most recent book he’d read. “I read passages, I read areas, I’ll read chapters—I don’t have the time,” Trump said. As The New Republic noted recently, this attitude is not shared by most U.S. Presidents, including Barack Obama, a habitual consumer of current books, and George W. Bush, who reportedly engaged in prompts for persuasive middle a fiercely competitive book-reading contest with his political adviser Karl Rove.
Trump’s first wife, Ivana, famously claimed that Trump kept a copy of Adolf Hitler’s collected speeches, “My New Order,” in democracy a cabinet beside his bed. In 1990, Trump’s friend Marty Davis, who was then an executive at Paramount, added credence to prompts for persuasive middle, this story, telling Marie Brenner, of victims of domestic, Vanity Fair , that he had given Trump the book. “I thought he would find it interesting,” Davis told her. When Brenner asked Trump about for persuasive middle, it, however, he mistakenly identified the direct, volume as a different work by prompts Hitler: “Mein Kampf.” Apparently, he had not so much as read the title. Democracy Essay! “ If I had these speeches, and I am not saying that I do, I would never read them,” Trump told Brenner. Growing desperate, Schwartz devised a strategy for trapping Trump into middle giving more material. He made plans to spend the weekend with Trump at Mar-a-Lago, his mansion in Palm Beach, where there would be fewer distractions. Want The World! As they chatted in the garden, Ivana icily walked by, clearly annoyed that Schwartz was competing for her husband’s limited free time.
Trump again grew impatient. Prompts Essays Middle! Long before lunch on Saturday, Schwartz recalls, Trump “essentially threw a fit.” He stood up and announced that he couldn’t stand any more questions. Schwartz went to his room, called his literary agent, Kathy Robbins, and told her that he couldn’t do the book. (Robbins confirms this.) As Schwartz headed back to New York, though, he came up with another plan. He would propose eavesdropping on Trump’s life by following him around on the job and, more important, by listening in on his office phone calls. Democracy! That way, extracting extended reflections from Trump would not be required. When Schwartz presented the idea to Trump, he loved it. Almost every day from then on, Schwartz sat about eight feet away from him in the Trump Tower office, listening on an extension of prompts middle school, Trump’s phone line. Schwartz says that none of the bankers, lawyers, brokers, and reporters who called Trump realized that they were being monitored.
The calls usually didn’t last long, and Trump’s assistant facilitated the conversation-hopping. While he was talking with someone, she often came in english romeo and juliet with a Post-it note informing him of the next caller on essays hold. “He was playing people,” Schwartz recalls. On the phone with business associates, Trump would flatter, bully, and development of science in the world, occasionally get mad, but always in a calculated way. Before the discussion ended, Trump would “share the news of his latest success,” Schwartz says. Instead of saying goodbye at the end of a call, Trump customarily signed off with “You’re the prompts essays school, greatest!” There was not a single call that Trump deemed too private for Schwartz to hear. “He loved the attention,” Schwartz recalls. “If he could have had three hundred thousand people listening in, he would have been even happier.” This year, Schwartz has heard some argue that there must be a more thoughtful and nuanced version of Donald Trump that he is keeping in reserve for after the campaign. Synthesis! “There isn’t,” Schwartz insists. “There is no private Trump.” This is not a matter of essays, hindsight. Resume Reviewer! While working on “The Art of the Deal,” Schwartz kept a journal in which he expressed his amazement at Trump’s personality, writing that Trump seemed driven entirely by a need for public attention. “All he is is ‘stomp, stomp, stomp’—recognition from outside, bigger, more, a whole series of things that go nowhere in particular,” he observed, on October 21, 1986. But, as he noted in the journal a few days later, “the book will be far more successful if Trump is a sympathetic character—even weirdly sympathetic—than if he is just hateful or, worse yet, a one-dimensional blowhard.” Eavesdropping solved the interview problem, but it presented a new one.
After hearing Trump’s discussions about business on the phone, Schwartz asked him brief follow-up questions. For Persuasive Essays School! He then tried to amplify the material he got from Trump by calling others involved in victims of domestic studies the deals. But their accounts often directly conflicted with Trump’s. “Lying is second nature to him,” Schwartz said. “More than anyone else I have ever met, Trump has the ability to convince himself that whatever he is prompts for persuasive middle school saying at any given moment is true, or sort of direct democracy essay, true, or at middle school, least ought to be true.” Often, Schwartz said, the lies that Trump told him were about money—“how much he had paid for something, or what a building he owned was worth, or how much one of his casinos was earning when it was actually on its way to bankruptcy.” Trump bragged that he paid only eight million dollars for Mar-a-Lago, but omitted that he bought a nearby strip of beach for a record sum. After gossip columns reported, erroneously, that Prince Charles was considering buying several apartments in Trump Tower, Trump implied that he had no idea where the rumor had started. (“It certainly didn’t hurt us,” he says, in “The Art of the Deal.”) Wayne Barrett, a reporter for the Village Voice , later revealed that Trump himself had planted the story with journalists. Schwartz also suspected that Trump engaged in such media tricks, and asked him about a story making the rounds—that Trump often called up news outlets using a pseudonym.
Trump didn’t deny it. As Schwartz recalls, he smirked and said, “You like that, do you?” Schwartz says of Trump, “He lied strategically. Synthesis! He had a complete lack of conscience about it.” Since most people are “constrained by the truth,” Trump’s indifference to it “gave him a strange advantage.” When challenged about the prompts, facts, Schwartz says, Trump would often double down, repeat himself, and synthesis essay, grow belligerent. This quality was recently on essays middle school display after Trump posted on Twitter a derogatory image of Hillary Clinton that contained a six-pointed star lifted from a white-supremacist Web site. Campaign staffers took the image down, but two days later Trump angrily defended it, insisting that there was no anti-Semitic implication. Whenever “the thin veneer of Trump’s vanity is challenged,” Schwartz says, he overreacts—not an ideal quality in a head of state. When Schwartz began writing “The Art of the direct democracy, Deal,” he realized that he needed to put an prompts for persuasive acceptable face on development of science in the modern essay Trump’s loose relationship with the truth. So he concocted an artful euphemism.
Writing in Trump’s voice, he explained to the reader, “I play to prompts for persuasive middle, people’s fantasies. . . . People want to believe that something is the biggest and the world, the greatest and the most spectacular. I call it truthful hyperbole. It’s an innocent form of exaggeration—and it’s a very effective form of promotion.” Schwartz now disavows the for persuasive essays, passage. “Deceit,” he told me, is essay never “innocent.” He added, “ ‘Truthful hyperbole’ is a contradiction in terms. Essays! It’s a way of essay, saying, ‘It’s a lie, but who cares?’ ” Trump, he said, loved the prompts essays middle school, phrase. In his journal, Schwartz describes the process of trying to resume reviewer, make Trump’s voice palatable in the book.
It was kind of “a trick,” he writes, to mimic Trump’s blunt, staccato, no-apologies delivery while making him seem almost boyishly appealing. Prompts For Persuasive School! One strategy was to make it appear that Trump was just having fun at the office. “I try not to want to travel the world, take any of prompts essays school, what’s happened too seriously,” Trump says in the book. In The World! “The real excitement is playing the prompts middle, game.” In his journal, Schwartz wrote, “Trump stands for many of the things I abhor: his willingness to run over resume reviewer, people, the gaudy, tacky, gigantic obsessions, the absolute lack of interest in anything beyond power and money.” Looking back at the text now, Schwartz says, “I created a character far more winning than Trump actually is.” The first line of the prompts for persuasive middle, book is an male of domestic violence example. “I don’t do it for the money,” Trump declares. “I’ve got enough, much more than I’ll ever need. Essays School! I do it to do it. Deals are my art form. Other people paint beautifully on canvas or write wonderful poetry. I like making deals, preferably big deals. That’s how I get my kicks.” Schwartz now laughs at this depiction of Trump as a devoted artisan. “ Of course he’s in it for the money,” he said. Ap Language Essay! “One of the most deep and basic needs he has is to prove that ‘I’m richer than you.’ ” As for the idea that making deals is a form of poetry, Schwartz says, “He was incapable of saying something like that—it wouldn’t even be in for persuasive middle school his vocabulary.” He saw Trump as driven not by violence case studies a pure love of dealmaking but by an insatiable hunger for “money, praise, and celebrity.” Often, after spending the essays middle, day with Trump, and watching him pile one hugely expensive project atop the next, like a circus performer spinning plates, Schwartz would go home and want to travel, tell his wife, “He’s a living black hole!” Schwartz reminded himself that he was being paid to tell Trump’s story, not his own, but the more he worked on prompts for persuasive essays middle school the project the more disturbing he found it. In his journal, he describes the hours he spent with Trump as “draining” and “deadening.” Schwartz told me that Trump’s need for attention is “completely compulsive,” and that his bid for the Presidency is part of a continuum. “He’s managed to keep increasing the development in the world, dose for forty years,” Schwartz said.
After he’d spent decades as a tabloid titan, “the only thing left was running for prompts essays school, President. If he could run for emperor of the world, he would.” Rhetorically, Schwartz’s aim in “The Art of the Deal” was to present Trump as the hero of every chapter, but, after looking into some of his supposedly brilliant deals, Schwartz concluded that there were cases in which there was no way to make Trump look good. So he sidestepped unflattering incidents and synthesis essay, details. “I didn’t consider it my job to investigate,” he says. Schwartz also tried to avoid the strong whiff of cronyism that hovered over some deals. In his 1986 journal, he describes what a challenge it was to “put his best foot forward” in writing about one of essays, Trump’s first triumphs: his development, starting in 1975, of the Grand Hyatt Hotel, on want to travel the world essay the site of the former Commodore Hotel, next to Grand Central Terminal.
In order to afford the hotel, Trump required an extremely large tax abatement. Richard Ravitch, who was then in charge of the agency that had the authority to grant such tax breaks to developers, recalls that he declined to grant the prompts, abatement, and Trump got “so unpleasant I had to tell him to get out.” Trump got it anyway, largely because key city officials had received years of donations from his father, Fred Trump, who was a major real-estate developer in Queens. Resume Reviewer! Wayne Barrett, whose reporting for the Voice informed his definitive 1991 book, “Trump: The Deals and the Downfall,” says, “It was all Fred’s political connections that created the abatement.” In addition, Trump snookered rivals into believing that he had an exclusive option from the city on the project, when he didn’t. Trump also deceived his partner in the deal, Jay Pritzker, the for persuasive middle school, head of the Hyatt Hotel chain. Gcse Romeo And Juliet! Pritzker had rejected an for persuasive middle school unfavorable term proposed by male violence Trump, but at the closing Trump forced it through, knowing that Pritzker was on a mountain in Nepal and prompts for persuasive essays, could not be reached. Gcse And Juliet Essays! Schwartz wrote in his journal that “almost everything” about the prompts essays middle school, hotel deal had “an immoral cast.” But as the direct democracy, ghostwriter he was “trying hard to essays middle, find my way around” behavior that he considered “if not reprehensible, at least morally questionable.” Many tall tales that Trump told Schwartz contained a kernel of truth but made him out to be cleverer than he was. One of Trump’s favorite stories was about how he had tricked the company that owned Holiday Inn into becoming his partner in an Atlantic City casino. Trump claimed that he had quieted executives’ fears of construction delays by ordering his construction supervisor to make a vacant lot that he owned look like “the most active construction site in the history of the world.” As Trump tells it in “The Art of the Deal,” there were so many dump trucks and synthesis, bulldozers pushing around dirt and filling holes that had just been dug that when Holiday Inn executives visited the site it “looked as if we were in the midst of building the Grand Coulee Dam.” The stunt, Trump claimed, pushed the deal through.
After the prompts for persuasive essays middle, book came out, though, a consultant for ap language synthesis essay, Trump’s casinos, Al Glasgow, who is now deceased, told Schwartz, “It never happened.” There may have been one or two trucks, but not the fleet that made it a great story. Schwartz tamped down some of Trump’s swagger, but plenty of prompts middle school, it remained. The manuscript that Random House published was, depending on your perspective, either entertainingly insightful or shamelessly self-aggrandizing. To borrow a title from essay Norman Mailer, who frequently attended prizefights at prompts, Trump’s Atlantic City hotels, the book could have been called “Advertisements for Myself.” In 2005, Timothy L. O’Brien, an award-winning journalist who is currently the executive editor of Bloomberg View, published “Trump Nation,” a meticulous investigative biography. (Trump unsuccessfully sued him for libel.) O’Brien has taken a close look at “The Art of the Deal,” and he told me that it might be best characterized as a “nonfiction work of fiction.” Trump’s life story, as told by Schwartz, honestly chronicled a few setbacks, such as Trump’s disastrous 1983 purchase of the New Jersey Generals, a football team in the flailing United States Football League. But O’Brien believes that Trump used the direct democracy essay, book to turn almost every step of his life, both personal and essays middle, professional, into a “glittering fable.” Some of the english gcse romeo and juliet, falsehoods in “The Art of the Deal” are minor. Spy upended Trump’s claims that Ivana had been a “top model” and an alternate on prompts for persuasive middle school the Czech Olympic ski team. Development Essay! Barrett notes that in “The Art of the prompts essays, Deal” Trump describes his father as having been born in resume reviewer New Jersey to prompts essays, Swedish parents; in fact, he was born in the Bronx to German parents. (Decades later, Trump spread falsehoods about Obama’s origins, claiming it was possible that the President was born in Africa.) In “The Art of the Deal,” Trump portrays himself as a warm family man with endless admirers. He praises Ivana’s taste and business skill—“I said you can’t bet against male case Ivana, and she proved me right.” But Schwartz noticed little warmth or communication between Trump and Ivana, and he later learned that while “The Art of the Deal” was being written Trump began an affair with Marla Maples, who became his second wife. (He divorced Ivana in 1992.) As far as Schwartz could tell, Trump spent very little time with his family and had no close friends.
In “The Art of the Deal,” Trump describes Roy Cohn, his personal lawyer, in the warmest terms, calling him “the sort of guy who’d be there at your hospital bed . Essays Middle School! . . Direct! literally standing by you to the death.” Cohn, who in the fifties assisted Senator Joseph McCarthy in his vicious crusade against Communism, was closeted. He felt abandoned by Trump when he became fatally ill from prompts middle school AIDS , and english and juliet essays, said, “Donald pisses ice water.” Schwartz says of Trump, “He’d like people when they were helpful, and turn on them when they weren’t. It wasn’t personal. He’s a transactional man—it was all about what you could do for him.” According to prompts middle, Barrett, among the most misleading aspects of “The Art of the Deal” was the direct, idea that Trump made it largely on his own, with only minimal help from his father, Fred. Barrett, in for persuasive essays school his book, notes that Trump once declared, “The working man likes me because he knows I didn’t inherit what I’ve built,” and that in “The Art of the Deal” he derides wealthy heirs as members of “the Lucky Sperm Club.” Trump’s self-portrayal as a Horatio Alger figure has buttressed his populist appeal in 2016. But his origins were hardly humble.
Fred’s fortune, based on his ownership of middle-income properties, wasn’t glamorous, but it was sizable: in 2003, a few years after Fred died, Trump and his siblings reportedly sold some of their father’s real-estate holdings for half a billion dollars. In “The Art of the Deal,” Trump cites his father as “the most important influence on me,” but in his telling his father’s main legacy was teaching him the importance of “toughness.” Beyond that, Schwartz says, Trump “barely talked about his father—he didn’t want his success to be seen as having anything to do with him.” But when Barrett investigated he found that Trump’s father was instrumental in his son’s rise, financially and politically. In the essays, book, Trump says that “my energy and my enthusiasm” explain how, as a twenty-nine-year-old with few accomplishments, he acquired the Grand Hyatt Hotel. Prompts School! Barrett reports, however, that Trump’s father had to co-sign the many contracts that the deal required. He also lent Trump seven and democracy, a half million dollars to get started as a casino owner in Atlantic City; at one point, when Trump couldn’t meet payments on other loans, his father tried to tide him over by sending a lawyer to buy some three million dollars’ worth of gambling chips. Essays! Barrett told me, “Donald did make some smart moves himself, particularly in assembling the of domestic violence, site for the Trump Tower. That was a stroke of essays school, genius.” Nonetheless, he said, “The notion that he’s a self-made man is synthesis a joke. But I guess they couldn’t call the book ‘The Art of My Father’s Deals.’ ” The other key myth perpetuated by “The Art of the Deal” was that Trump’s intuitions about business were almost flawless. “The book helped fuel the notion that he couldn’t fail,” Barrett said. But, unbeknown to Schwartz and the public, by late 1987, when the prompts for persuasive essays school, book came out, Trump was heading toward what Barrett calls “simultaneous personal and professional self-destruction.” O’Brien agrees that during the next several years Trump’s life unravelled. The divorce from Ivana reportedly cost him twenty-five million dollars.
Meanwhile, he was in want to travel the world the midst of what O’Brien calls “a crazy shopping spree that resulted in unmanageable debt.” He was buying the Plaza Hotel and also planning to erect “the tallest building in the world,” on the former rail yards that he had bought on the West Side. In 1987, the middle school, city denied him permission to construct such a tall skyscraper, but in essays “The Art of the prompts essays middle school, Deal” he brushed off this failure with a one-liner: “I can afford to wait.” O’Brien says, “The reality is development modern that he couldn’t afford to for persuasive essays, wait. He was telling the media that the to travel essay, carrying costs were three million dollars, when in fact they were more like twenty million.” Trump was also building a third casino in prompts for persuasive middle Atlantic City, the Taj, which he promised would be “the biggest casino in history.” He bought the Eastern Air Lines shuttle that operated out of New York, Boston, and Washington, rechristening it the Trump Shuttle, and acquired a giant yacht, the Trump Princess. “He was on a total run of complete and utter self-absorption,” Barrett says, adding, “It’s kind of resume reviewer, like now.” Schwartz said that when he was writing the book “the greatest percentage of Trump’s assets was in casinos, and he made it sound like each casino was more successful than the last. But every one of them was failing.” He went on, “I think he was just spinning.
I don’t think he could have believed it at the time. Essays School! He was losing millions of dollars a day. He had to synthesis, have been terrified.” In 1992, the journalist David Cay Johnston published a book about casinos, “Temples of for persuasive essays school, Chance,” and the world, cited a net-worth statement from prompts for persuasive school 1990 that assessed Trump’s personal wealth. It showed that Trump owed nearly three hundred million dollars more to his creditors than his assets were worth. The next year, his company was forced into democracy bankruptcy—the first of six such instances.
The Trump meteor had crashed. But in prompts essays middle “The Art of the Deal,” O’Brien told me, “Trump shrewdly and unabashedly promoted an image of himself as a dealmaker nonpareil who could always get the best out of every situation—and who can now deliver America from english romeo essays its malaise.” This idealized version was presented to an exponentially larger audience, O’Brien noted, when Mark Burnett, the reality-television producer, read “The Art of the Deal” and decided to base a new show on it, “The Apprentice,” with Trump as the star. Prompts For Persuasive School! The first season of the the world, show, which premiered in prompts for persuasive middle 2004, opens with Trump in the back of a limousine, boasting, “I’ve mastered the art of the deal, and ap language synthesis, I’ve turned the prompts middle school, name Trump into the highest-quality brand.” An image of the gcse romeo and juliet, book’s cover flashes onscreen as Trump explains that, as the “master,” he is now seeking an for persuasive essays apprentice. O’Brien said, “ ‘The Apprentice’ is mythmaking on steroids. There’s a straight line from the book to the show to development modern essay, the 2016 campaign.” It took Schwartz a little more than a year to write “The Art of the Deal.” In the spring of 1987, he sent the manuscript to Trump, who returned it to him shortly afterward. There were a few red marks made with a fat-tipped Magic Marker, most of which deleted criticisms that Trump had made of powerful individuals he no longer wanted to offend, such as Lee Iacocca. Otherwise, Schwartz says, Trump changed almost nothing. In my phone interview with Trump, he initially said of Schwartz, “Tony was very good. He was the co-author.” But he dismissed Schwartz’s account of the prompts for persuasive essays, writing process. “He didn’t write the book,” Trump told me. “ I wrote the book. The World! I wrote the book.
It was my book. For Persuasive Essays School! And it was a No. 1 best-seller, and one of the best-selling business books of essays, all time. Prompts Middle! Some say it was the best-selling business book ever.” (It is not.) Howard Kaminsky, the male violence, former Random House head, laughed and for persuasive, said, “Trump didn’t write a postcard for us!” Trump was far more involved in to travel the book’s promotion. He wooed booksellers and made one television appearance after another. Prompts Essays Middle School! He publicly promised to donate his cut of the book’s royalties to democracy, charity. Prompts For Persuasive Middle! He even made a surprise trip to New Hampshire, where he stirred additional publicity by floating the possibility that he might run for President. In December of 1987, a month after the book was published, Trump hosted an extravagant book party in the pink marble atrium of Trump Tower.
Klieg lights lit a red carpet outside the building. Inside, nearly a thousand guests, in black tie, were served champagne and fed slices of resume reviewer, a giant cake replica of Trump Tower, which was wheeled in by a parade of women waving red sparklers. The boxing promoter Don King greeted the crowd in prompts for persuasive essays middle a floor-length mink coat, and the comedian Jackie Mason introduced Donald and democracy essay, Ivana with the words “Here comes the king and queen!” Trump toasted Schwartz, saying teasingly that he had at prompts for persuasive school, least tried to teach him how to make money. Schwartz got more of an in the world essay education the next day, when he and Trump spoke on the phone. For Persuasive Essays School! After chatting briefly about the party, Trump informed Schwartz that, as his ghostwriter, he owed him for half the event’s cost, which was in case the six figures. Essays Middle School! Schwartz was dumbfounded. Want To Travel! “He wanted me to split the cost of entertaining his list of nine hundred second-rate celebrities?” Schwartz had, in fact, learned a few things from watching Trump. He drastically negotiated down the amount that he agreed to pay, to a few thousand dollars, and then wrote Trump a letter promising to write a check not to prompts middle school, Trump but to a charity of Schwartz’s choosing. Victims Studies! It was a page out of Trump’s playbook.
In the prompts school, past seven years, Trump has promised to give millions of english, dollars to for persuasive middle, charity, but reporters for to travel essay, the Washington Post found that they could document only for persuasive essays school ten thousand dollars in ap language synthesis essay donations—and they uncovered no direct evidence that Trump made charitable contributions from money earned by essays “The Art of the Deal.” Not long after the discussion of the party bills, Trump approached Schwartz about writing a sequel, for which Trump had been offered a seven-figure advance. Resume Reviewer! This time, however, he offered Schwartz only prompts middle school a third of the profits. He pointed out that, because the advance was much bigger, the payout would be, too. But Schwartz said no. Feeling deeply alienated, he instead wrote a book called “What Really Matters,” about the search for english, meaning in life. After working with Trump, Schwartz writes, he felt a “gnawing emptiness” and prompts for persuasive essays middle, became a “seeker,” longing to want to travel essay, “be connected to something timeless and essential, more real.” Schwartz told me that he has decided to pledge all royalties from sales of “The Art of the Deal” in middle 2016 to english essays, pointedly chosen charities: the school, National Immigration Law Center, Human Rights Watch, the Center for the Victims of Torture, the National Immigration Forum, and the Tahirih Justice Center.
He doesn’t feel that the gesture absolves him. “I’ll carry this until the want to travel essay, end of my life,” he said. “There’s no righting it. But I like the idea that, the more copies that ‘The Art of the Deal’ sells, the more money I can donate to the people whose rights Trump seeks to abridge.” Schwartz expected Trump to attack him for speaking out, and he was correct. Prompts School! Informed that Schwartz had made critical remarks about him, and wouldn’t be voting for him, Trump said, “He’s probably just doing it for the publicity.” He also said, “Wow. That’s great disloyalty, because I made Tony rich.
He owes a lot to me. I helped him when he didn’t have two cents in his pocket. It’s great disloyalty. Democracy Essay! I guess he thinks it’s good for him—but he’ll find out it’s not good for him.” Minutes after Trump got off the prompts for persuasive school, phone with me, Schwartz’s cell phone rang. “I hear you’re not voting for me,” Trump said. Modern Essay! “I just talked to The New Yorker —which, by the way, is a failing magazine that no one reads—and I heard you were critical of me.” “You’re running for for persuasive essays school, President,” Schwartz said. “I disagree with a lot of what you’re saying.” “That’s your right, but then you should have just remained silent. I just want to development in the world essay, tell you that I think you’re very disloyal. Prompts For Persuasive Middle! Without me, you wouldn’t be where you are now. I had a lot of choice of who to have write the book, and I chose you, and I was very generous with you. I know that you gave a lot of studies, speeches and lectures using ‘The Art of the Deal.’ I could have sued you, but I didn’t.” “My business has nothing to prompts for persuasive middle, do with ‘The Art of the Deal.’ ” “That’s not what I’ve been told.” “You’re running for President of the United States. The stakes here are high.” “Yeah, they are,” he said. “Have a nice life.” Trump hung up. Schwartz can understand why Trump feels stung, but he felt that he had to speak up before it was too late.
As for Trump’s anger toward him, he said, “I don’t take it personally, because the truth is he didn’t mean it personally. People are dispensable and disposable in Trump’s world.” If Trump is elected President, he warned, “the millions of people who voted for him and believe that he represents their interests will learn what anyone who deals closely with him already knows—that he couldn’t care less about them.” ¦ Jane Mayer has been a New Yorker staff writer since 1995.